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Ch4 Terms


Adventitious sounds Abnormal breath sounds.
Afebrile Without fever,body temp is normal.
Alveolus A thin walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Antecubital space The space located at the front of the elbow.
Antipyretic An agent that reduces fever.
Aorta The major trunk of the arterial system of the body.
Apnea The temporary cessation of breathing.
Axilla The armpit.
Bounding pulse A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full.
Bradycardia An abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60BPR).
Bradypnea An abnormally decrease in respitory rate.
Celsius scale The temp scale in which the frezzing point of water is 0 degrees and poiling point is 100 degrees.
Conduction The transfer of energy to on object to another by direct contact.
Convection Transfer of energy by air currents.
Crisis A sudden falling of an elevated body temp to normal.
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin.
Diastole The fase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions.
Diastolic pressure the point of less pressure on the arterial wall.
Dyspean Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
Dysrhythmia An irregular rhythm.
Eupnea Normal Respirations.
Exhalation The act of breathing out.
Fahrenheit scale A temp scale on which the freezing point is 32 and the boil point is 100.
Febrile Pertaining to fever.
Fever A body temp that is above normal.
Frenulum linguae The mid line fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth.
Hyperpnea An abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respiration.
Hyperpyrexia An extremely high fever.
Hypertension High blood pressure.
Hyperventilation An abnormally fast and deep type of breathing.
Hypopnea An abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of respiration.
hypotension Low blood pressure.
Hypothermia A body temp that is below normal.
Hypoxemia A decrease in the oxygen saturationof the blood.
Hypoxia A reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissues of the body.
Inhalation The Act of breathing in.
Intercostal Between the ribs.
korotkoff sounds sounds used to determine systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Malaise A vague sense of body disacomfort.
Manometer An istrument for measuring pressure.
Meniscus The curved surface on a colum of liquid in a tube.
Orthopnea The condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sittin or standing position.
Pulse oximeter A computerized device consiting of a probe and monitor used to measue the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pule oximetry The use of a pulse oximeter to to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse pressure The difference between the systolic and diasolic pressures.
Pulse rhythm The time interval between heartbeats.
Pulse volume The strength of the heartbeat.
Radiation The transfer of energy in the form of waves.
Sa02 Refers to oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring systolic pressureblood pressure.
Stethoscope An instrument for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body.
Systole is the contraction of the heart.
systolic pressure The point of maximum pressureon the arterial wall.
Tachycardi An abnormally fast heart rate.
Tachypnea An abnormal increase in respiratory rate.
Thready pulse A pulse with a decrease volume that feels weak and thin.
Created by: RyanBreakall