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Cell Basic Structure

QuestionAnswer
What structure controls all of the activities going on within the cell? Nucleus
What structure is only found in plant cells and gives the plant cell support and allows it to grow? Cell Wall
The structure protects the nucleus. Nuclear Membrane
The cell structures that help a cell to function and is located in the cytoplasm is what? Organelles
What is the site for all chemical reactions that take place in the cell? Cytoplasm
This allows materials to pass in and out of the cell. Cell Membrane
The powerhouse of the cell that supplies the cell with all of the energy it needs is called what? Mitochondria
What structure makes ribosomes for the cell? Nucleolus
This cleans up the cell by digesting old cell parts or digesting entire cells that are injured. Lysosomes
The structure that allows the transport of materials into and out of the nucleus, and aids in the synthesis and storage of protein is called what? Endoplasmic Reticulum
The structure is sometimes attached to the ER, where proteins are made. Ribosomes
What structure is filled with a watery substance, store food, or waste products and is found in both animal and plant cells? Vacuoles
What is the basic unit of structure and function in living things? Cell
What structure carries inherited characteristics? Genes
The total mass of genetic instruction humans inherit from their parents is what? Genome
What structure produces,stores,and packages secretions for discharge from the cell? Golgi Apparatus
What is it when you have insufficient fluid in your body? Dehydration
The swelling caused by excessive fluid in the body tissue is also known as what? Edema
When cells of the same type join together for a common purpose what is it called? Tissue
What covers the surface of the body and is the main tissue of the skin? Epithelial Tissue
The supporting fabric of organs and other body parts is called? Connective Tissue
What is made up of special cells called neurons that control and coordinate bodies activity by transmitting messages? Nerve
What produces power and movement by contraction of muscle fibers? Muscle Tissue
What is it when two or more tissues join together to perform a specific function? Organ
What is when organs or other body parts join together to perform particular functions? System
The generalized cells that have the ability to differentiate into cells functions is what? Stem Cell
What is the process of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells? Mitosis
This process uses two separate cell divisions to produce four new cells. Meiosis
The pocket like folds found in the cell membrane, that allow large molecules such as proteins and fat to enter the cell is called what? Pinocytic Vesicles
What structure condenses to form rodlike structures called chromosomes? Chromatin
What is the study of the form and structures of an organism? Anatomy
What is the study of the process of living organisms, or why and how they work? Physiology
What is the study of how disease occurs and the responses of living organisms to disease processess? Pathophysiology
The basic substance of all living things is called? Protoplasm
Created by: Chasidy_Jaquith