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Major functions of the endocrine glands

Function: Controls anterior pituitary hormones TRH,CRH,GnRH,GHRH,GHIH,PRH,PIH
Water retention by the kidneys ADH
Smooth muscle contraction of the uterus ans mammary glands Oxytocin
Promotes growth and function of thyroid TSH
Promotes growth and function of the adrenal cortex ACTH
Growth of musculoskeletal system; protein synthesis Growth hormone ( HG)
Sex cell and hornome production by ovaries and tetes FSH,LH
Milk production by the mammary glands Prolactin (PRL)
Increases metabolic rate; normal growth and nervous system functions Thyroid hormone (T3,T4)
Decreases plasma Ca2+ Calcitonin
Regulates Na+ and K+ excretion by the kidneys Aldosterone ( Mineralocorticoid)
Increases blood glucose, stress adaptation, reduce inflammation Cortisol ( Glucocorticoid)
Male sex hormones Androgens
Reinforce effects of the sympathetic nervous system Epinephrine
Blood glucose regulation Insulin, Glucagon
Increases plasma Ca2+ Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Development of secondary sex organs and sex characteristics Estrogen,Progesterone,testosterone
Created by: skerns



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