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Government - Ch. 18

Judicial Branch

QuestionAnswer
What is a dissenting opinion? When the losing side of a court case complains that the case was decided wrong.
What is Exclusive Jurisdiction? The power of the federal courts alone to hear certain cases.
What is Concurrent Jurisdiction? Power shared by federal and state courts to hear certain cases.
What is Original Jurisdiction? The power of a court to hear a case first, before any other court.
What is a plaintiff? The person who files suit.
What is a defendant? The person whom the complaint is about.
What is a Writ of Certiorari? An order to a lower court to send up court records (from a higher court).
What is a concurring opinion? A decision written by one of the judges who voted majority, but for a different reason.
What is a majority opinion? The decision of the Court.
What are precedents? Rules established in a court case.
How are federal judges appointed? They are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
What types of cases can district courts hear? If it deals with foreign representatives or if states are involved.
What is the Rule of 4? How cases are selected by Court (if 4 out of 9 judges vote for a case, it will be heard again).
What is the conference stage of a Supreme Court case? A closed meeting of the Justices to determine a case.
Federal Courts can hear and decide cases on the basis of...? Appellate Jurisdiction.
How can the philosophy of the Supreme Court be changed? If there is a Conservative of Liberal judge added/lost to the philosophy.
What are Amicus Curiae Briefs trying to do? It lets people who are not parties in a case file a brief.
What is judicial review? Deciding whether or not something is unconstitutional.
What is the major limit upon the judicial branch? They can't enforce their power (such as laws they decide)
What is Stare Decisis? The obligation of courts to honor last precedents.
Created by: 1508611702