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Cardio & Lymph 2

cardiovascular and lymphatic system

QuestionAnswer
aneurysmectomy surgical excision of an aneurysm
bone marrow transplant infusion of normal bone marrow cells from a donor with matching cells and tissue to a recipient with a certain type of leukemia or anemia
cardiac pacemaker battery-powered or nuclear-powered apparatus implanted under the skin to regulate heart rate
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked arteries
defibrillation application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm
embolectomy surgical removal of an embolus or clot
femoropopliteal bypass surgery to establish an alternate route from femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass obstructive portion
hemorrhoidectomy excision of hemorrhoids, the varicosed veins in the rectal region
intracoronary thrmobolytic therapy an injection of a medication in a blocked coronary vessel to dissolve blood clots
laser angioplasty the use of light amplicfication by simulated emission of radiation or laser beam to open blocked arteries especially in lower extremities
mitral commissurotomy surgical procedure to repair a stenosed mitral vlave by breaking apart the leaves (commissures) of the valve
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) procedure in which a balloon is passed through a blood vessel to the area in which plaque is formed. Inflation of the balloon then flattens the plaque against the vessel wall and allows the blood to circulate more freely.
vein ligation and stripping surgical method of tying off a varicose veing and removing it
cardiac catherterization introduction of a catheter into the heart by way of a blood vessel for the purpose of determining cardiac disease
cardiac scan @D photographic representation of the heart taken after the introduction of radioactive material into the body
Doppler flow studies study that uses ultrasound to determine the velocity of the flow of blood within the vessels
impedance plethysmography measures venous flow to the limbs using a plethymograph, which records electrical resisstance (impedance) caused by venous occlusion. Used to detect deep vein thrombosis
sphygmomanometer device used for measuring arterial blood pressure
treadmill stress test test to assess the ability of the coronary circulation to handle the increased load placed on the heart by exercise
complete blood count basic blood screening that includes tests on hemoglobin, hematocrit, red blood cell morphology; leukocyte count, and WBC's types
coagulation time blood test to determine the time it takes for blood to form a clot
hemoglobin (Hgb) oxygen-carrying components in red blood cells, responsible for giving blood its color
prothrombin time (PT) test to determine certain coagulation activity defects; also used to monitor anti-coagulation therapy
bone marrow biopsy needle puncture to remove bone marrow for study, usually from the sternum or ilium, to determine certain blood cell diseases, such as leukemia and anemia
auscultation the hearing of sounds within the body through a stethoscope
blood pressure (BP) pressure exerted by the blood against the blood vessel walls
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) emergency procedure consisting of artificial ventilation and external cardiac massage
diastole phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles relax between contractions
extracorporeal occurring outside the body
extravasation escape of blood from the blood vessel into the tissue
heart murmur a short duration humming sound of cardiac or vascular origin
hypertension blood pressure that is above normal
hypotension blood pressure that is below normal
lumen space within a tubular part or organ, such as the space within a blood vessel
occlude to close tightly
percussion tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath
peripheral vascular referring to the blood vessels outside the heart and the lymphatic vessels
systole phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventircles contract
vasconstrictor agent or nerve that narrows the lumen of blood vessels
vasodilator agent or nerve that enlarges the lumen of blood vessels
venipuncture puncture of vein to remove blood, instill a medication, or start an intravenous infusion
anticoagulant abnormal or pathological condition of the blood
hemorrhage rapid flow of blood
manometer instrument used to measure the pressure of fluids
plasma liquid portion of the blood in which the elements or cells are suspended, and which also contains some of the clotting factors
serum liquid portion of the blood without the clotting factors
Created by: 51600302