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Cianci- Burns

Scientific Revolution

QuestionAnswer
Scientific Revolution the process that established the new view of the universe
The Scientific Revolution was not rapid, instead it was... a complex movement with false starts and brilliant people
Where did people study and work in laboratories? Poland, Italy, Denmark, France, Bohemia, and Great Britain
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) Polish priest and astronomer. Published "The Revoultions of the Heavenly Spheres".
THe Ptolemaic Systems the basis of which mathematical calculations relationg to astronomy were made
Dante's Divine Comedy works that told of astronomy dealing with movement and rest
What was Copernicus's opinion on the Ptolemaic picture? he challenged it i a conservative manner
Who was more accurate? Copernicus of Ptolemy? Neither was more accurate than the other
Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) Danish astronomer who took a major step toward the "sun-centered system" idea
What did Brahe do to persue his theory? he constructed scietific instruments to make observations of the planets
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) Brahe's assistant, took possesion of Brahe's tables after his death. A convinced Coppernican. Published "The New Astronomy"
What did Kepler discover? in order to keep the sun at the center of the solar system, he must abandon the circular components of Copernicus's model
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) turned a telescope on the heavens; observed Jupiter
What happened to Galilei in 1610? left the University for Florence and became the philosopher and mathematician to the Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was a Medici
Galileo's ideas and his flair for self-advertisement led him to have problems with what? the Roman Catholic Church
Aspects of the world including color, beauty, and taste were described in terms of what? mathematical relationships amoung quatities
What question perplexed 17th century scientists? How do the planets and heavenly bodies move in an orderly fashion?
Englishman Isaac Newton (1642-1727) addressed planetary motion and established a basis for physics that endured for over two centuries
The mathematical priciples of Natural Philosophy? 1687, published by Newton
In addition to being a math genius, Newton... upheld importance of empirical data and observations
Rene Descartes French philosopher that Newton believed included insufficient guards against error
Created by: Cianci