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Joints AP1

QuestionAnswer
Junctions between bones joints (articulations)
Hold bones together joints
Allow flexibility for movement joints
Immoveable joints synarthrosis
Slightly moveable joints amphiarthrosis
Freely moveable joints diarthrosis
Joined together by fibrous tissue (no joint cavity present) Fibrous Classification of Joints
Three types of Fibrous joints suture, gomphosis, and syndesmosis
Sutures found in Sutures of skull (immoveable)
found between tibia and fibula (slightly moveable) syndesmosis
tooth sockets (immoveable) Gomphosis
Joined together by cartilage (no joint cavity present) cartilaginous joints
Two types of Cartilaginous joints symphysis and synchondrosis
What type of cartilage is Synophysis? fibrocartilage
What type of cartilage is Synchondrosis? Hyaline cartilage
Found in pubic symphysis and intervertebral joints symphysis joint
Found in epiphyseal plates synchondrosis
Found only in Children and infants epiphyseal plates
6 types of synovial joints Ball-and-socket, hinge, condylar, pivot, saddle, plane
All contain articular cartilage, a synovial membrane, and a joint cavity filled with synovial fluid synovial joints
Found in hip and shoulder Ball-and-socket joint
Found in elbow, knee, and interphalangeal hinge joint
Found between radius and carpals, and between metacarpals and phalanges condylar joints
Found between radius and ulna; found around dens at atlas pivot joints
Found at base of thumb with trapezium saddle joints
Found in intercarpals and intertarsals plane joints
Multiplanes multiaxial
2 planes biaxial
1 plane uniaxial
Joint cavity present which is filled with synovial fluid which lubricates and removes wastes synovial joint
Sliding or twisting plane
Rounded process that fits into concave process (uniaxial) hinge joint
Rounded surface that fits into a shallow surface (uniaxial) pivot joints
Oval condyle that fits into ellipisodal depression (biaxial) condylar joint
Concave surface fits into concave (biaxial) saddle joint
Ball shaped head that fits into a cuplike depression (multiaxial) ball-and-socket joint
Created by: Lisa Hall