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skeletal system

acetabulum a socket in the pelvic bone where the thigh bone joins the pelvis
acromion highest part of the shoulder where the clavicle and scapula meet
articulation a joint which binds two bones together
liagaments connective tissue which binds bone to bone
skeletal muscles a.k.a voluntary or striated muscles which attach to the bone
smooth muscles muscles found in the visceral organs and blood vessels
synovial joints freely moving joints
tendons connective tissue which binds muscle to bone
frontal bone the frontal bone forms the forehead and the upper part of the bony cavities that contain the eyeballs
occipital bone the single occipital bone forms the back of the head and the base of the skull
temporal bones the two temporal bones form the lower sides and part of the base of the skull
mandibular bone lower jaw bone, the largest,strongest bone of the face and only movable bone of the skull
lacrimal bones the two small bones located at the inner corner of each eye forming the sidewall of the nasal cavity and the middle wall of the eye orbit
cervical vertebrae neck bones c1-c7
thoracic vertebrae connect with the 12 pairs of ribs and are identified as t1-t12
lumbar vertebrae support the back and lower trunk of the body they are identified as L1-L5
sacrum attached at the pelvic girdle located below the lumbar vertebrae
coccyx tailbone located at the very end of the vertebral column
xiphoid process lower part of the sternum
humerus upper arm bone
radius lower arm bones lateral or thumb side of the arm
ulna lower arm bones that is on the medial or little finger side of the arm
carpals bones of the wrist
metacarpals bones of the hand
phalanges bones of the fingers and toes
ilium largest of the three hip bones
iliac crest upper curved edge of the ilium
ischium lowest part of the hip bones and is the strongest of the pelvic bone
femur thigh bone longest strongest and heaviest bone in the body
patella knee bone or kneecap
tibia larger and stronger of the lower leg bone shin bone
fibula slender of the lower leg bone
tarsals bones of the ankles
metatarsals bones of the foot
condyle knucklike projection at the end of a bone
diaphysis main shaftlike portion of a bone
epiphyseal line a layer of cartilage that separates the diaphysis from the epiphysis of a bone (growth plate)
epiphysis the end of a bone
false ribs rib pairs 8 - 10 connect to the vertebrae in the back but not to the sternum in the front
flat bones bones that are broad and thin with flat or curved surfaces such as the sternum
floating ribs rib pairs 11 and 12 free of any attachment in the front
fontanelle or fontanel soft spot
foramen hole in a bone through which blood vessels or nerves pass
hematopoiesis the normal formation and development of blood cells in the bone marrow
intercostal spaces spaces between the ribs
intervertebral disc a flat circular platelike structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the vertebrae
long bones bones that are longer than they are wide (femur)
Ossification formation bone
osteoblasts immature bone cells that actively produce bony tissue
periosteum the thick white fibrous membrane that covers the surface of a long bone
short bones long as they are wide (wristbone)
sinus an opening or hollow space
trochanter large bony process located below the neck of the femur
true ribs the first 7 pairs of ribs connect to the vertebrae in the back and to the sternum in the front
tubercle a small rounded process of bone
osteoporosis porous bones loss of bone density
osteomalacia disease in which the bones become abnormally soft due to deficiency of calium and phosphorus in the blood
osteomyelitis infection of the bone and bone marrow resulting from a bacterial infection that has spread to to the bone tissue through the blood
spinal stenosis a narrowing of the vertebral canal
kyphosis humpback
scoliosis an abnormal lateral (sideward) curvature of a portion of the spine
closed fracture a simple fracture a break in a bone but no open wound in the skin
open fracture compound fracture break in a bone as well as an open wound in the skin
compression fracture caused by bone surfaces being forced against each other
impacted fracture direct force causes the bone to break forcing the broken bone end of the smaller bone into the broken end of the larger bone
colles' fracture lower end of the radius, within 1 inch of connecting with the wrist bones
hairline fracture a.k.a stress fracture
fracture broken bone sudden breaking of a bone
pathological fracture a bone which is weakened by a preexisting disease
closed reduction consists of aligning the bone fragments through manual manipulation or traction without making an incision into the skin
open reduction consists of realigning the bone under direct observation during surgery
DEXA noninvasive procedure that measures bone density Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
Created by: heather1972



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