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med terms ch 3 skele

medical terminology ch3 skeletal system

QuestionAnswer
bones oste/o
bone marrow myel/o
cartilage chondr/o
joints arthr/o
ligaments ligament/o
synovial membrane synovi/o
bursa burs/o
crooked ankyl/o
vertebra spondyl/o
ribs cost/o
cranium crani/o
surgical fixation -desis
hump kyph/o
bent backward lord/o
foot pod/
DJD degenerative joint disease
formation -poietic
curved scoli/o
hematopoietic formation of blood
articulate join together
synovial joint movable joint
ligament bone to bone
tendon muscle to bone
orthopedist physician specializing in skeletal system
podiatrist specializing in feet
rheumatologist physician specializing in rheumatic diseases
ankylosis loss of mobility in a joint
arthralgia pain in a joint
arthrosclerosis stiffness of the joints
bursitis inflammation of a bursa
chondroma tumor of cartilage
chondromalacia softening of cartilage
hallux valgus bunion (enlargement of a joint)
luxation dislocation of a bone from a joint
subluxation partial displacement of a bone from its joint
synovitis inflammation of the synovial membrane
arthritis inflammatory condition of the joints
osteoarthritis bone and joint inflammation (wear and tear)
gouty arthritis arthritis associated with hyperuricemia in joints
herniated disk ruptured disk in spine
lumbago lumbar pain
spondylitis inflammation of the vertebrae
spondylolisthesis slipping vertebrae
spondylosis degenerative condition of the vertebrae
spina bifida congenital defect where spinal cord is open
kyphosis humpback
lordosis swayback
scoliosis lateral curvature of the spine
exostosis benign growth on the surface of a bone
ostealgia pain within a bone
osteitis inflammation of the bone
osteomalacia abnormal softening of bones
osteonecrosis death of bone tissue
paget's disease osteitis deformans
periostitis inflammation of the periosteum
rickets calcium and vit D deficiencies
talipes clubfoot
ewing's sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
myeloma malignant tumor from blood forming tissues
osteochondroma benign bone tumor
osteoporosis porous condition of the bone
fracture broken bone
green stick fracture incomplete fracture
closed fracture simple or compound fracture w/ no open wound
open fracture compound fracture with open wound
comminuted fracture bone is splintered or crushed
crepitus crackling sound
arthrocentesis surgical puncture of a joint to remove fluid
arthroscopy visual examination of internal joint
MRI magnetic resonance imagining
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
APAP Acetaminophen (tylenol)
ASA Asipirin
bursectomy surgical removal of a bursa
chondroplasty surgical repair of cartilage
synovectomy surgical removal of a synovial membrane from a joint
arthrodesis surgical fusion to stiffen a joint
arthrolysis surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
periosteotomy surgical incision through the periosteum
arthroplasty surgical repair of a damaged joint
prosthesis replacement part or implant
diskectomy surgical removal of an intervertebral disk
laminectomy surgical removal of a lamina from a vertebra
craniectomy surgical removal of part of the skull
craniotomy bone flap (to gain access to the brain)
cranioplasty surgical repair of the skull
osteoclasis surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity
ostectomy surgical removal of bone
osteoplasty surgical repair of bones
osteorrhaphy suturing (or wiring) together of bones
osteotomy surgical incision of a bone
manipulation closed reduction
traction pulling force to return the bone or joint to normal alignment
immobilization stabilization
Created by: cbiondillo