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Anatomy.Chapter.14

The Brain and Cranial Nerves

QuestionAnswer
The largest part of the brain Cerebrum
Controls higher mental functions cerebrum
Divided into left and right hemispheres cerebrum
cerebral cortex neural cortex
elevated ridges gyri
shallow depressions sulci
deep grooves fissures
second largest part of the brain cerebellum
coordinates repetitive body movements cerebellum
Located under cerebrum and cerebellum and links the cerebrum with the brain stem diencephalon
relays and processes sensory information thalamus
produces hormones, controls emotion, and uses autonomic function hypothalamus
processes information between the spinal cord and cerebrum or cerebellum the brain stem
the midbrain. processes sight, sound and associated reflexes mesencephalon
maintains consciousness mesencephalon
connects cerebellum to brain stem and is involved in somatic and viseceral motor control pons
connects brain to spinal cord and relays information between them medulla oblongata
how much of the body's neural tissue is contained in the brain? 97%
each cerebral hemisphere contains one large... lateral ventricle
ventricle of the diencephalon third ventricle
ventricle that extends into the medulla oblongata and becomes continuous with central canal of the spinal cord fourth ventricle
controls visceral functions medulla oblongata
links cerebellum with mesencephalon, diencephalon, cerebrum, and spinal cord pons
adjusts postural muscles and fine-tunes conscious and subconscious movements cerebellum
damage from trauma, stroke, or intoxication. disturbs muscle coordination ataxia
found in posterior epithalamus and secretes melatonin pineal gland
secretes antidiuretic and oxytocin hormone hypothalamus
process offactory and other sensory information. controls reflex eating movement mamillary bodies
Created by: elyk01