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Anatomy.Chapter.12

Neural Tissue

QuestionAnswer
cells that send and receive signals neurons
cells that support and protect neurons neuroglia (glial cells)
Spinal Cord and brain Central nervous system (CNS)
Neural tissue outside the spinal cord and brain peripheral nervous system (PNS)
bundles of axons with connective tissues and blood vessels. Carry sensory information and motor commands in PNS Nerves
nerves that connect to the brain cranial
nerves that attach to the spinal cord spinal
carries sensory information from PNS sensory receptors to CNS Afferent division
carries motor commads from CNS to PNS muscles and glands Efferent division
detect changes or respond to stimuli. Neurons and specialized cells. eyes, ears receptors
respond to efferent signals. cells and organs effectors
controls skeletal muscle contractions; voluntary and involuntary muscle contractions Somatic nervous system (SNS)
controls subconscious actions: contractions of smooth muscle and cardiac muscle and glandular secretions Autonomic Nervous system (ANS)
has a stimulating effect sympathetic division
has a relaxing effect parasympathetic division
area where a neuron communicates with another cell synapse
contributes to half the volume of the nervous system neuroglia
Created by: elyk01