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Anatomy_Lab_Prac1

Anatomy Study Cards for the first lab practical

QuestionAnswer
Ratatores Deepest, spans 1 to 2 vertebrae; Best developed in thoracic region
Multifidus Second Deepest, spans 2 to 4 vertebrae; present along entire spine
Semispinalis Second Deepest, spans 4 to 6 vertebrae; consists of thoracic , cervicis, and capitis
Spinalis Intermediate Layer, spans 7 to 8 vertebrae; consists of tharcis, cervicis, and capitis segments
Longissimus Intermediate Layer, present along entire spine; consists of thoracis, cervicis, and capitis segments
Iliocostalis Intermediate Layer, Consists of lumborum, thoracic and cervicis segments
Splenius cervicis Upper thoracic vertebrae to the cervical vertebrae, Located on posterior side of neck
Splenius capitus Spinuous processes of lower cervical vertebrae to the mastoid process and superior nuchal line
Serratus Posterior superior First Few ribs to the spinous processes of lower cervical upper thoracic vertebrae
Serratus Posterior inferior Spinous process of lumbar vertebrae to the bottom few ribs (expiration)
Levatator Scapulae Superior angle of the scapula to Transverse processes of C1 to C4
Rhomboid Major and Minor Medial border of the scapula to the spinous processes of lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae
Trapezius Spine of the scapula, distal end of the clavicle to spinous processes of all thoracic and cervical vertebrae and superior nuchal line
Platysma No bony inferior attachment to the inferior border of the mandible
Sternohyoid strap muscle, wide, sternum to hyoid
sternothyroid lies between sternohyoid and cartilage. Sternum to thyroid
Thyrohyoid lies between sternohyoid and cartilage. thyroid to hyoid
Omohyoid strap muscle, notably diagonal.
Diagastric mandible to hyoid, and then loops backward toward the styloid process
Mylohyoid Deep to diagastric, goes from mandible to hyoid, perpindicular to anterior belly of diagastric
Sternocleidomastoid Fairly thick muscle, mastoid process to the proximal end of the clavicle and manubrium *seperates internal and external jugular veins
Epicranius Superciliary arch of frontal bone to the superior nuchal line, has 2 bellies
Orbicularis Oculi Circular muscle surrounding the eye
Orbicularis Oris Circular muscle surrounding the mouth
Temporalis temporal bone to the coronoid process of the mandible
masseter zygomatic bone to the angle of the mandible
Buccinator located in the wall of the cheek
Accessory Hemiazygos V. Drains superior half of the L. posterior Intercostal veins into azygos v.
Hemiazygos V. Drains Inferior half of the L. posterior Intercostal veins and L. Lumbar veins into azygos v.
Azygos V. Drains R. Posterior Intercostal Veins and R. Lumbar Veins into the Superior Vena Cava
Right Ascending Lumbar V. drains R. Lumbar veins into the Azygos Vein.
Left Ascending Lumbar V. Drains L. Lumbar veins into the Hemiazygos Vein.
Olfactory Nerve CN 1, courses on the inferior side of the frontal lobes and parallel to the cribriform plate
Optic Nerve CN 2, Very inferior side of the brain, where the nerves appear to switch sides
Oculomotor Nerve CN 3, Near to carotid arteries, just anterior.
Trochlear Nerve CN 4, threadlike and medial more-so than others
Trigeminal Nerve CN 5, nearest to the back, seperated from CN 3 by pituitary stalk
Parotid Gland/ parotid duct between masseter and the ear. penetrates the buchinator muscle of the cheek.
Submanidular Gland Under the mandible, under platysma. Kidney bean shaped. Duct is deep to gland
Sublingual gland we will not be able to identify the glad nor the duct
hyoid bone called the floating bone because it has no direct bony attachment; located superior to the thyroid cartilage
lanryngeal prominence easily palpable prominence on the thyroid cartilage
Crichoid cartilage located inferior to the thyroid cartilage; landmarks the beginning of the Trachea
Manubrium Topmost part of the sternum, attachment for the first rib
sternum the bone that all ribs except floating ribs attach to
Xiphoid Process the prominence on the sternum
true ribs ribs 1-7, with direct connection to the sternum
false ribs 8-12, with no direct connection to the sternum
floating ribs 11-12, with no anterior connection at all
Serratus Anterior Medial border of the scapula to the first 8 ribs at the anterior axillary line
External intercostals outermost layer of muscle between the ribs; fibers run medially \\\ from superior to inferior; muscle does not cover the costal cartilages (exists as a transparent membrane only)
Internal intercostals middle layer between the ribs; fibers run laterally /// from superior to inferior; seperated from the innermost intercostals by the intercostal vasculature
innermost intercostals innermost layer of muscle between ribs; fibers run laterally /// from superior to inferior; separated from the internal intercostals by the intercostal vasculature
Transversus thoracis Christmas Tree shaped muscle on the inside of the rib cage
Created by: 735568154