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Midterm-Medical Term

QuestionAnswer
hemat/o blood
-logy study of
hepat/o liver
-itis inflammation
-ilium part of the pelvis
-ileum part of the small intestine
urethra tube leading from the urinary bladder to outside of the body
electr/o electricity
cardi/o heart
-gram record
gastr/o stomach
enter/o intestines (usually small intestine)
-ic pertaining to
epi- above
aden/o gland
-oma tumor, mass, swelling
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
-opsy the process of viewing
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum
-al pertaining to
cis/o to cut
-ion process
crin/o secrete
endo- within
ex- out
cyst/o urinary bladder
-scopy process of visual examination
cyt/o cell
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
-cyte cell
-ectomy excision or removal
gnos/o knowledge
dia- through, complete
gynec/o woman, female
hem/o blood
-globin protein
iatr/o treatment
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by or produced in
leuk/o white
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
opthalm/o eye
-scope instrument to visually examine
-ist one who specializes in a field
oste/o bone
path/o disease condition
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidneys
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot, clotting
-osis condition, usually abnormal
ur/o urinary tract
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-emia blood condition
-ical pertaining to
-ion process
-sis state of
-tomy process of cutting, incision
-y process, condition
a- no, not, without
an- no, not, without
auto- self
exo- out
hyper- excessive, above, more than normal
hypo- deficient, below, under, less than normal
in- into, in
peri- surrounding, around
pro- before, forward
re- back, backward, again
retro- behind
sub- below, under
trans- across, through
4 types of tissues epithelial, muscle, connective, nerve
4 types of cells muscle, fat, nerve, epithelial
abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
chrom/o color
coccyg/o coccyx
crani/o skull
dist/o far, distant
dors/o back portion
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium
inguin/o groin
later/o side
lumb/o lower back
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/o hip, pelvis
poster/o back, behind
sacr/o sacrum
spin/o spine
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea
umbilic/o navel
ventr/o bellsy side of body
vertebr/o vertebrae
viscer/o internal organs
inter between
meta change
-algia pain
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-coccus berry chaped bacterium
-cyte cell
-dynia pain
-ectomy removal;excision;resection
-emia blood condition
-er one who
-genesis producing; forming
-graphy process of recording
-lysis breakdown; destruction; seperation
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-penia deficiency
-phobia fear
-plasia development, formation, growth
-plasty surgical repair
-ptosis drooping, sagging
-sclerosis hardening
-stasis stopping, controlling
-stomy opening to form a mouth
-therapy treatment
-trophy development, nourishment
acr/o extremeties, top, extreme point
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
agor/a marketplace
amni/o amnion
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
axill/o armpit
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes
chem/o drug, chemical
chron/o time
col/o colon
hydr/o water, fluid
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx
lymph/o lymph
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death
neutr/o neutrophil
ot/o ear
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o to eat, swallow
phleb/o vein
plas/o formation, development
pneumon/o lungs
rect/o rectum
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
tonsill/o tonsils
ven/o vein
-er one who
-ia condition
-ole little, small
-ule little, small
-um, -ium structure, tissue, thing
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-oid resembling
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
carp/o wrist bones
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/o fingers, toes
duct/o ducts or tubes
flex/o to bend
furc/o forking, braching
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o sugar
immun/o protection
morph/o shape form
mort/o death
nat/i birth
norm/o rule order
ox/o oxygen
pub/o pubis
seps/o infection
somn//o sleep
son/o sound
thyr/o thyroid gland
top/o place, position
tox/o poison
urethr/o urethra
-blast embryonic, immature
-cyesis pregnancy
-gen producing, forming
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
-meter to measure
-mission to send
-ore one who
-partum birth, labor
-phoria feeling
-physis to grow
-plasia, -plasm development, formation
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow, discharge
-stasis stop, control
-trophy nourishment, development
ab- away from
ad- toward
ante- before, forward
anti- against
auto- self, own
bi- two
brady- slow
con- with, together
contra against, opposite
de- down, lack of
dia- through, complete
dys- bad, painful
ec-, ecto- out, outside
eu- good, normal
hemi- half
infra- beneath
inter- between
macro- large
mal- bad
meta- beyond, change
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
para- abnormal, beside, near
per- through
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
pro- before, forward
pseudo- false
retro- behind, backward
sub- under
supra- abiv
syn-, sym- together, with
tachy- fast
trans- through
ultra- beyond, excess
uni- one
hormone produced by an endocrine gland follicle-stimulating hormone
ms.sally ping has vaginal discharge, pain in the LLQ and RLQ, dysmenorrhea, and a gonoccal infection, a likely diagnosis is pelvic inflammatory disease
physicians effort to turn the fetus during delivery cephalic version
removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
fingerlike ends of the fallopian fimbriae
ovarian sac corpus luteum
the study and treatment of newborns is called neonatology
painful labor and delivery dystocia
area between the uterus and the rectum cul-de-sac
excessive flow of blood from the uterus between menstrual periods metrorrhagia
a woman who has had 3 miscarriages and 2 live births grav 5, para 2
part of the vulva labia majora
removal of internal and reproductive organs in the region of the hip pelvic exenteration
leukorrhea is associated with which of the following conditions cervicitis
adnexa uteri ovaries and fallopian tubes
monthly discharge of blood front the lining of the uterus menstruation
act of giving birth parturition
reproductive organs genitalia
innermost membrane around the developing embryo amnion
parenchymal tissue in the testes seminiferous tubules
foreskin prepuce
swollen, twisted veins near the testes varicocele
benign prostatic hyperplasia is characterized by overgrowth of glandular tissue
congenital absence of a testicle anorchism
undescended testicle cryptochordism
a chancre is the primary lesion in which of the following conditions syphilis
testicular carcinoma seminoma
orchiopexy fixation of an undescended testicle
the sac containing the male gonad scrotum
tissue that produces sperm cells seminiferous tubules
tube that leads from the epididymus to the urethra vas deferens
sterilization procedure vasectomy
a spermolytic substance destroys sperm cells
testosterone is produced by interstitial cells of the testes
male sex hormone testosterone
mal gonad testes
scanty sperm production oligospermia
glands that secrete semen bulbourethral
sexually transmitted infection syphilis
a highly malignant brain tumor glioblastoma
space between the nerve cells is called synapse
fainting syncope
x-ray record of the spinal cord myelogram
inflammation of the spinal nerve root radiculitis
pertaining to the muscles and nerves myoneural
cerebral aneurysm, thrombosis, or hemorrhage can be the cause of cerebrovascular accident
elevated portions of the cerebral cortex are called gyri
spinal bifida is associated with meningomyelocele
glial cells astrocytes
neurotransmitter acetylocholine
burning sensation of pain causalgia
collection of blood within the meningeal layers subdural hematoma
abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling paresthesia
a network of interlacing nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system plexus
part of the brain that controls the breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels medulla oblongata
part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscle movements and maintaining balance cerebellum
portion of the brain that controls the pituitary gland, water balance, and body temperature hypothalamus
collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord cauda equina
inability to speak aphasia
abnormal sensation paresthesia
parts of the brain that controls muscular coordination cerebellum
essential cells of an organ parenchymal
muscular wave-like movement to transport food through the digestive system peristalsis
new opening from the large bowel to the surface of the body colostomy
stone in a salivary gland sialadenolithiasis
fats are improperly digested and appear in the feces steatorrhea
lack of appetite anorexia
membrane that connects part of the small intestine mesentery
part of the tooth that contains a rich supply of nerves and blood vessels pulp
stomat/o means mouth
carries bile into the duodenum common bile duct
the combining form of the first part of the large intestine cec/o
high blood levels of a pigment released by the liver with bile hyperbilirubinemia
cheil/o means the same as labi/o
gingiv/o means gums
pertaining to the abdomen celiac
ring of muscle sphincter
pertaining to bile biliary
dilation of a lymph vessel lymphangiectasis
an ulcer would most likely be detected by which of the following test gastroscopy
opposite of -ectasis -stenosis
periodontal procedure gingivectomy
which test would demonstrate choledocholithiasis transhepatic cholangiography
anastomosis cholecystojejunostomy
forward protusion of the eye proptosis
destruction of blood hemolysis
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the opening between the stomach and intestine
not open atresia
drooping, sagging, prolapse ptosis
enlargement of the liver hepatomegaly
heavy menstrual discharge menorrhagia
palatoplasty a surgical repair of the roof of the mouth
common bile duct choledoch/o
a term that means no urine production anuria
alkaline pH
Lithotripsy shock waves crush urinary tract stones
nephrolithotomy incision to remove a renal calculus
renal pelvis pyel/o
uremia azotemia
oliguria scanty urination
electrolyte creatinine
diabetes insipidus is characterized by all of the following except glycosuria
hernia of the tube connecting the kidneys and urinary bladder ureterocele
portion of the urinary bladder trigone
renal abscess may lead to pyuria
childhood renal carcinoma wilms tumor
a group of symptoms marked by edema, proteinuria, and hypoalbuminemia nephrotic syndrome
nitrogenous waste creatinine
Created by: 1360923756