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Inductive Method (Scientific Method) A process of using observations to develop general principles about a specific subject. It was and is a new method of acquiring knowledge.
Advancement of Learning Written by Francis Bacon. Published in 1623. "Advancement of Learning" is the English translation. Bacon insisted that true knowledge was useful.
Heliocentric Theory The astronomical model in which the Earth and planets revolve around a stationary sun at the center of the solar system. Created by Nicholas Copernicus and helped many to understand how the solar system is like.
James Usher He was a prolific scholar, who famously published a chronology that purported to establish the time and date. Created a system which "records" the time and date of an event.
The Prince A political treatise by the Italian diplomat, historian and political theorist Niccolo Machiavelli. It described the characteristics of an effective leader.
Kepler A German mathematical mystic, part-time astrologer and a scientific genius. Kepler helped to further develop the Copernican theory. He discovered that the orbits of the planets were ellipses, not circles.
Empiricism The theory that all knowledge is derived from sense-experience. It is the understanding of how we acquire knowledge.
Cogito Ergo Sum English - "I think, therefore I am." A philosophical Latin statement proposed by Rene Descartes.
Vesalius An anatomist, physician and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy. Helped discover more about the human anatomy.
Pierre Bayle He was a Huguenot (French Protestant). Devoted to scholarship and education. Plays a singularly important role as a precursor of the philosophes (deistic or materialistic writers and thinkers of the Enlightenment).
Paleography The study of ancient writing. Learning to read Latin or Greek is, of course, critical to the aspiring medievalist or classicist
William Harvey An English physician who was the first person to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the body by the heart.
Edmund (Edmond) Halley An English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist who is best known for computing the orbit of the eponymous Halley's comet.
Numismatics The study or collection of currency, including coins, tokens, paper money, and related objects.
Montaigne One of the most influential writers of the French Renaissance.
Leeuwenhoek A Dutch tradesman and scientist from Delft, Netherlands. He is commonly known as "the Father of Microbiology", and considered to be the first microbiologist.
Richard Simon A French biblical critic.
Samuel von Pufendorf A German jurist, political philosopher, economist, statesman, and historian. Among his achievements are his commentaries and revisions of the natural law theories of Thomas Hobbes and Hugo Grotius.
Tycho Brahe A Danish nobleman known for his accurate and comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations.
Jean Mabillon A French Benedictine monk and scholar, considered the founder of palaeography and diplomatics.
Hugo Grotius A jurist in the Dutch Republic. He was also a philosopher, theologian, Christian apologist, playwright, and poet. He laid the foundations for international law, based on natural law.
Leviathan A sea monster referred to in the Bible. In Demonology, Leviathan is one of the seven princes of Hell and its gatekeeper.
Gregorian Calendar Also known as the Western calendar, or Christian calendar, is the internationally accepted civil calendar. Introduced by Pope Gregory XIII.
Biblical Criticism The scholarly "study and investigation of Biblical writings that seeks to make discerning and discriminating judgments about these writings."
New Atlantis A utopian novel by Sir Francis Bacon, published in Latin. Bacon portrayed a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge, expressing his aspirations and ideals for humankind.
Reasonableness of Christianity Was created by John Locke. Theologians cannot find God by themselves. He never taught that Christianity can be found by human reasoning.
Two Treatises of Government A work of political philosophy by John Locke. First Treatise: patriarchalism in the form of sentence-by-sentence. Second Treatise outlines a theory of political or civil society based on natural rights and contract theory.
On the Revolutions of Heavenly Orbs The celestial spheres, or celestial orbs, were the fundamental entities of the cosmological models developed by Plato, Eudoxus, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus and others.
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy A work in three books by Sir Isaac Newton, first published 5 July 1687.
An Essay Concerning the Human Understanding Written by John Locke. Concerns the foundation of human knowledge and understanding.
Created by: abii2595