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Cardio & Lymph S

cardiovascular and lymphatic system

QuestionAnswer
anemia reduction in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood
aneurysm ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall
angina pectoris chest pain, which may radiate to the left arm and jaw, that occurs when there is insuf. supply of blood to heart muscle
arrhythmia any variation from the normal heart rhythm
cardiac arrest sudden cessation of cardiac output and effective circulation which requires cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
coarctation of the aorta congenital cardiac condition characterized by a narrowing of the aorta
congenital heart disease heart abnormality present at birth
congestive heart failure (CHF) inability of the heart to pump enough blood thru the body to supply the tissues and organs
coronary occlusion obstruction of an artery of the heart, usually from atherosclerosis (heart attack)
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) a condition of thrombus in a deep vein of the body. Iliac and femoral veins are commonly affected.
embolus, pl. emboli clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, which enters the bloodstream and moves until it lodges at another point in the circulation
fibrillation rapid, quivering, noncoordinated contractions of the atria or ventricles
hemophilia inherited bleeding disease caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII
hemorrhoid varicose vein in the rectal area which may be internal or external
Hodgkin's disease malignant disorder of the lymphatic tissue characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually beginning in the cervical nodes
hypertensive heart disease (HHD) disorder of the heart brought about by persistent high blood pressure
intermittent claudication pain and discomfort in calf muscles while walking. A condition seen in occlusive artery disease.
leukemia disease characterized by excessive increase in white blood cells formed in the bone marrow
mitral valve stenosis a narrowing of the mitral valves from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever.
myocardial infarction (MI) death of a portion of the myocardial muscle caused by an interrupted blood supply (heart attack)
rheumatic fever an inflammatory disease usually occurring in children and often following an upper respiratory streptococcal infection.
rheumatic heart disease damage to the heart muscle or heart valves caused by one more episodes of rheumatic fever
sickle cell anemia a hereditary, chronic hemolytic disease characterized by crescent or sickle-shaped red blood cells.
thromboangiitis obliterans vascular inflammatory disorder usually affecting the lower extremities (aka. Buerger's Disease)
varicose veins distended or tortous veins usually found in the lower extremities
cardiac tamponade acute compression of the heart caused by fluid accumulation in the pericardial cavity
aneurysmectomy surgical excision of an aneurysm
bone marrow transplant infusion of normal bone marrow cells from a donor with matching cells and tissue to a recipient with a certain type of leukemia or anemia
cardiac pacemaker battery-powered or nuclear-powered apparatus implanted under the skin to regular heart beat
coronary artery bypass surgical technique to bring a new blood supply to heart muscles by detouring around blocked arteries
defibrillation application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall to restore normal cardiac rhythm
embolectomy surgical removal of an embolus or clot
femoropopliteal bypass surgery to establish an alternate route from femoral artery to popliteal artery to bypass obstructive portion
hemmorrhoidectomy excision of hemmorrhoids, the varicosed veins in the rectal region
intracoronary thrombolytic therapy an injection of a medication in a blocked coronary vessel to dissolve blood clots
laser angioplasty the use of light amplification by simulated emission of radiation or laser beam to open blocked arteries especially in lower extremities.
mitral commissurotomy surgical procedure to repair a stenosed mitral valve by breaking apart the leaves (commissures) of the valve
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) proced. where a balloon is passed thru a blood vessel to area where plaque has formed. Balloon's inflated to flatten the plaque against the vessel wall->lets blood flow freely.
vein ligation and stripping surgical method of tying off a varicose vein and removing it
Created by: 51600302