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anatomy chap10

endocrine system

QuestionAnswer
Gland that has the growth hormone anterior pituitary gland
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) increases secretion of cortisol
thyroid-stimulating hormone targets what tissues? thryoid gland
Prolatctin stimulates what? milk production and prolongs progesterone following ovulation
Posterior pituitary glands are the antiduretic hormone(ADH) and oxytocin
follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) target tissues follicles in ovary in females , seminiferous tubules in males
Thyroid hormones t3 and t4 target which tissues? most cells of the body
Oxytocin targets what tissue? uterus mammary gland
the adrenal medulla has what hormones? epinephrine mostly and some norepinephrine\
epinephrine and norepinephrine target the... heart, blood vessels, liver, and fat cells
insulin targets the.... liver especially, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue
luteinizing hormone (LH) effects what promotes ovulation and progesterone in ovary testosterone synthesis and support for sperm production in testes
antidiuretic hormone (ADH) effects what increases h2o absorption(less h2o lost n urine
oxytocin effects what increases uterine contractions and milk "let-down"
aldosterone is in what gland adrenal cortex
aldosterone effects... na transport to body, potassium excretion, water retention
glucagon is part of which gland pancreas
pineal body has what hormone melatonin
melatonin target what tissue at least the hypothalamus
thymus gland has thymosin and targets what tissue immune tissues
calcitonin target tissue bone
thyroid stimulating hormone effects.. increase thyroid hormone secretion
luteinizing hormone targets what tissue ovary in females, testes in males
growth hormone effects.. increase protein synthesis, breakdown of lipids, and release of fatty acids, increases blood glucose
name the 6 anterior pituitary glands growth hormone, thryoid-stimulating hormone, follice-stimulating hormone, leutinizing hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, prolactin
thryoid gland has which hormones? calcitonin, thyroid-hormones(t3 and t4)
parathyroid hormone targets what bone, kidney
glucocorticoids(cortisol) target what most tissues
Adrenal andrgoens are in which gland adrenal cortex
aldosterone targets what kidneys
pancreas has how many hormones 2, insulin and glucagon
glucagon targets... primarily liver
thymus gland effects... immune system development
pineal body effects.. secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone
glucagon effects.. breakdown of glycogen and release of glucose
insulin effects.. increase use of glucose and amino acids
adrenal androgens effects.. sex drive, pubic hair, axillary hair growth
glucocorticoids fat and protein breakdown
adrenocortocotropic hormone targets what adrenal cortex
prolactin targets.. ovary, mammary gland and testes
growth hormone targets.. most tissues
follice-stimulating hormone effects... follicle maturation and estrogen secretion, sperm cell production
t3 and t4 are what thyroid hormone
t3 and t4 effects.. increase metabolic rate. essential for growth and maturation
calcitonin efffect.. decrease rate of bone breakdown
parathyroid hormone effects.. osteoclasts, increases vitamin d, and normal blood calcium levels.
Name 9 glands of the endocrine system anterior pituitary, posterior pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal medulla, adrenal cortex, pancreas, thymus, pineal body
epinephrine and norepinephrine effect... increase cardiac output, blood flow , and release of glucose and fatty acids. prepares the body for physical activity
Created by: gurien13