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A and P

Anatomy and Physiology

Scapula Shoulder Blade
Clavicle Collar bone
humerus upper arm
sternum chest bone
vertebra spine
radius lower arm, outside bone
ulna lower arm, inside bone
llium hip bone, pelvic girdle, large part in back
Ischium hip bone, small, front part
talus ankle bone
carpals hand bones
Metacarpals lower section of fingers
phalanges top section of finger
femur thiegh bone
patella knee cap
tibia large, lower leg bone, inside
Fibula small, lower leg bone, outside
calcaneus heel of foot
tarsals foot bones
metatarsals lower part of toes
phalanges top part of toes
Fibrocartilage knee cap, pelvis, vertabra
elastic cartilage inner ear, nose
hyaline cartilage all main joints
sesamoid bones short bones formed in tendons, knee cap
wormian or sutural bones tiny bones between cranial bones
mental foramen holes in jaw
maxilla roof of mouth and nose, musal area
occipital bone back of head
parietal bone top of head
sagittal suture crack from ront to back of your head, right and left sides
frontal sinus forehead by eye brows
ethmoidal sinus behind eyes
sphenoid sinus back near ears
maxillary sinus cheeks
cervical curvature top 7 vertabra
thoracic curvature middle 12 vertabra
lumbar curvature bottom 5 vertabra
sacral curvature sacrum
coccyx tailbone
hyoid bone throat
atlas top vertabra, lets you nod "yes" (C1)
axis pivot for the atlas (C2)
mandible jaw
manubrium top of sternum
true ribs top 7 ribs, attach by thier "own" costal cartilage to sternum
false ribs middle 5 ribs, attach indirectly or dont attach at all to sternum
floating ribs last 2 ribs (part of false ribs) dont attach to sternum at all
diaphysis shaft, middle straight part of bone
epiphysis end of bone. proximal-top, distal-bottom
plane joint intercarpal joint (hand, foot)
Hinge Joint elbow
pivot joint proximal radioulnar joint (in elbow)
condyloid joint metacarpophalangeal joint (finger)
Saddle joint carpometacarpal joint in thumb (bottom joint in thumb)
ball and socket joint shoulder joint
flexion decreases the angle of the joint
extension increases the angle of the joint
Created by: Hemarro



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