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Anatomy Test #2

Tissue Test

Covers body surface and organs, cells of this tissue may absorb and/or secrete substances, lacks blood vessels, so nutrients diffuse through cells. Epithelium
Allows for the movement of limbs and organs within the body, the major function of the cells of this tissue type is to shorten, attaches to bones, located in hollow organs. Muscle
Transmits impulses for coordination, basis of the major controlling system of the body, forms the brain and spinal cord. Nervous
Connects and supports body tissues, characterized by having large amounts of nonliving matrix, most widely distributed tissue type in the body Connective
Lines respiratory passages and reprodutive tracts Pseudostratified Columnar
Lines the ducts of mammary and sweat glands Stratified Cuboidal
Forms the lining of the stomach and small intestine Simple Columnar
Found in the lung sacs (alveolar tissue) Simple Squamous
Forms the collecting tubules of the kidney Simple Cuboidal
Found in the pharynx Stratified Columnar
Forms the epidermis of the skin Stratified Squamous
Found in the bladder lining Transitional
Voluntarily controlled, banded appearance, multinucleate, found attatched to bones, allows you to direct your eyes, contains long, non-branching cylindrical cells, concerned with the locomotion of the body as a whole Skeletal
Involuntarily controlled, single nucleus in each cell, contains cylindrical cells with branching ends, displays intercalated disks, tissue of the circulatory pump, banded appearance Cardiac
Single nucleus in each cell, found in the walls of the stomach, uterus, and arteries, contains spindle shaped cells, changes the internal volume of an organ as it contracts, involuntarily controlled Smooth
Very strong but lacks a good blood supply Dense Connective
Forms the framework of lymph nodes Reticular Connective
Found in intervertebral disks Fibrocartilage
Provides strength and flexibility of the external ear Elastic Cartilage
Bonds the skin to underlying organs Loose Connective (areolar)
Provides insulation for the body Adipose
Highly resistant to wear and found on the ends of articulating bones Hyaline Cartilage
Contains cells arranged concentrically around a nutrient canal; matrix is hard due to mineral salts Bone
Only tissue that has a liquid matrix Blood
Allows for the flexibility of the spinal cord and some hollow organs Elastic Connective
Site of ribosome formation Nucleolus
Sacs within the cell that hold substances that recently entered the cell Vesicles
Contain enzymes that digest worn cellular parts or substances that enter cells Lysosomes
Provides for signal transduction and controls what enters and leaves the cell Cell Membrane
Site of protein synthesis Ribosomes
Modifies proteins for secretion and transport Golgi Apparatus
Motile projections that help to propel fluids over the cellular surface Cilia
Transform energy and release it from various molecules Mitochondria
Sythensizes lipids and transports materials within a cell Endoplasmic Reticulum
Motile projections that are capable of propelling a cell Flagella
Contains the cellular information necessary to synthesize proteins Chromatin
Contain enzymes that are important for the breakdown of organic molecules Peroxisomes
What cell structure is the outermost limit of the cell and is extremely thin and selectively permeable? Cell Membrane
The cell membrane is composed of a double layer of ________. Phospholipids
What molecules are embedded in the membrane to strengthen? Cholesterol Molecules
What molecule functions as enzymes and in signal transduction? Peripheral Proteins
What molecule spans the membrane and aids in the passage of small molecules and ions? Integral Proteins
What molecule functions as receptors for hormones and neurotransmitters? Fibrous Proteins
Name the structure that prevents the separation of tissue layers and is found in tissues with great mechanical stress? Desmosomes
What structure connects adjacent cells and allows for the passage of messages and molecules? Gap Junctions
The type of transport that requires an input of energy is called _______ active
The of transport that does not require an input of energy is called ______ passive
Which transport uses membrane proteins that function as carriers to move molecules across the cell membrane? facilitated diffusion/transport
Which transport is caused by the random motion of molecules? diffusion
Which transport involves smaller molecules being forced through membranes from regions of higher pressure to regions of lower pressure? filtration
Which transport requires energy to take a substance into the cell and the substance is progressively enclosed by a portion of the cell membrane? endocytosis
Which transport requires energy to move molecules against a concentration gradient through carrier molecules in cell membranes? active transport
Which transport requires energy to carry a substance rapidly from one side of the cell to the other? transcytosis
Which transport requires energy to move a substance from the cell interior into the extracellular space? exocytosis
Created by: lizzyliz714