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Spcl Senses: The Eye

Medical terminology pertaining to the eye

QuestionAnswer
The process whereby the eyes make adjustments for seeing objects at various distances accommodation
Dullness of vision amblyopia
A condition in which the pupils are unequal anisocoria
A condition in which the crystalline aphakia
A defect in the refractive powers of the eye in which a ray of light is not focused on the retina but is spread over an area astigmatism
Pertaining to having two foci, as in bifocal glasses bifocal
Inflammation of the edges of the eyelids blepharitis
A drooping of the upper eyelid(s) blepharoptosis
An opacity of the crystalline lens or its capsule; most often in adults cataract
A small, hard, painless cyst of a meibomian gland chalazion
Inflammation of the vascular coat of eye choroiditis
Inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by allergy, trauma, chemical injury, bacterial, viral or rickettsial infection conjunctivitis
Pertaining to the cornea corneal
The surgical process of transferring the cornea from a donor to a patient corneal transplant
a type of surgery that uses extreme cold for destruction of tissue or for production of well-demarcated areas of cell injury. cryosurgery
Paralysis of the ciliary muscle cycloplegia
A tumor-like swelling caused by obstruction of the tear duct(s) dacryoma
Double vision diplopia
A record of the electrical response of the retina to light stimulation electroretinogram
Normal or perfect vision emmetropia
The turning inward of the margin of the lower eyelid entropion
A process of removing an entire part or mass without rupture, as the eyeball from its orbit enucleation
A condition in which the eye or eyes turn inward; crosses eyes esotropia
The turning outward of one or both eyes exotropia
A disease characterized by increased intraocular pressure glaucoma
An instrument used to examine the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye gonioscope
The inability (blindness) to see half the field of vision hemianopia
A defect in vision in which parallel rays come to a focus beyond the retina; farsightedness hyperopia
Pertaining to within the eye intraocular
Surgical excision of a portion of the iris iridectomy
Inflammation of the iris and ciliary body iridocyclitis
Inflammation of the cornea keratitis
Inflammation of the cornea and the conjunctiva keratoconjuntivitis
Surgical repair of the cornea keratoplasty
Pertaining to tears lacrimal
An
The inability (blindness) to see half the field of vision hemianopia
A defect in vision in which parallel rays come to a focus beyond the retina; farsightedness hyperopia
Pertaining to within the eye intraocular
Surgical excision of a portion of the iris iridectomy
Inflammation of the iris and ciliary body iridocyclitis
Inflammation of the cornea keratitis
Inflammation of the cornea and the conjunctiva keratoconjuntivitis
Surgical repair of the cornea keratoplasty
Pertaining to tears lacrimal
An acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation laser
Degeneration of the macular area of the retina, an area important in the visualization of fine details macular degeneration
A small ,thin corneal contact lens microlens
Pertaining to an agent that causes the pupil to contract miotic
Pertaining to an agent that causes the pupil to dilate mydriatic
A defect in vision in which parallel rays come to a focus in front of the retina myopia
A condition in which the individual has difficulty seeing at night; night blindness nyctalopia
An involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball nystagmus
Pertaining to the eye ocular
One who specializes in the study of the eye ophthalmologist
The study of the eye ophthalmology
An instrument used to examine the interior of the eye ophthalmoscope
Pertaining to the eye optic
One who specializes in the making of optical products and accessories. This person is not a physician optician
One who specializes in examining the eyes for refractive errors and providing appropiate corrective lenses optometrist
An instrument used to measure the strength of the muscles of the eye optomyometer
The study and treatment of defective binocular vision resulting from defects in ocular musculature orthoptics
The process of using ultrasound to disintegrate a cataract. phacoemulsification
Surgical destruction and removal of crystalline lens in the treatment of cateract phacolysis
A condition of hardening of the crystalline lens phacosclerosis
The process of altering proteins in tissue by the use of light energy such as the laser beam; used in the treatment of retinal bleeding intraocular tumors photocoagulation
Unusual intolerance of light photophobia
A defect in the vision in which parallel rays come to focus beyond the retina; occurs normally with aging presbyopia
Pertaining to the pupil pupillary
A surgical procedure that may be performed to correct nearsightedness (myopia). radial keratotomy
Pertaining to the retina retinal
Inflammation of the retina retinitis
A malignant tumor arising from the germ cell of the retina retinoblastoma
Any disease of the retina retinopathy
A disease of the retinal vessels present in premature infants retrolental fibroplasia (RLF)
Inflammation of the sclera scleritis
A cghart for testing visual activity. It is printed with lines of black letters that are graduated in size Snellen Chart
A disorder of the eye in which the optic axes cannot be directed to the same object strabismus
Inflammation of one or more of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid sty
Recording of intraocular pressure used in detecting glaucoma tonography
An instrument used to measure intraocular pressure tonometer
A condition of ingrowing eyelids that rub against the cornea, causing a constant irritation to the eyeball trichiasis
Pertaining to having three foci trifocal
Pertaining to the second or vascular coat of the eye uveal
Inflammation of the uvea uveitis
Inflamed eye condition caused by foreign material xenophthalmia
An eye condition in which there is dryness of the conjunctiva xerophthalmia
Created by: iluvskittles83