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Cianci - Dalessandro

The Industrial Revolution of the Eighteenth Century

QuestionAnswer
Industrial Revolution industrialization of Europe which achieved great economic growth
Effects of the Industrial Revolution raised standard of living, increased demand for goods, and creation of new methods of marketing
Great Britain home of the Industrial Revolution, industrial leader until mid 19th century, and the largest free-trade area
Earliest industrial change occurred in... the countryside, rather than the cities
Domestic System of Textile Production textile merchants would take wool or other unfinished fibers to the homes of peasants to be spun into thread, then have it transported to other peasants to b wove into the final product
Spinning Jenny created by James Hargreaves, allowed creation of 16, to eventually 120, spindles of thread
Water frame created by Richard Arkwright, water-powered, allowed creation of purely cotton fabric
Steam engine first version created by Thomas Newcomen, provided unlimited source of power and didn't falter during different seasons
James Watt improved of Newcomen's model using precise metal working
Effects of the Steam engine revolutionized transportation, improved cotton manufacturing, improved iron production
Henry Cort created a new method for removing more "slag" (or impurities in melted metal). metal was then melted into bars, rails, and other forms, and it created more pure iron.
Effects of the revolutions of woman man-operated machines replaced woman's traditional role, mechanical spinning replaced tradition woman income, woman's role became more associated with home, and woman eventually assumed to only be able to do domestic work.
Created by: Cianci