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Civics Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Political party organization of citizens who wish to influence the government by getting their members elected to office.
Platform A statement of a party's official stand on major public issues.
Recruiting Gathering people to be in your party, ot vote for your candidates.
Political Action Comittees (PAC) Group that raises money to support their issue and donate money to candidates.
Issue-Oriented Focuses on one topic
Contributions Money donated to candidates
Electoral College Systen we use to elect the president.
Slate of Electors List of people who cast the official votes for president.
Congressional Representation Based on population, decides the number of electors for each state
Two-Party System We have two major parties in the U.S
National Country-wide
Influence Persuading options,votes,and laws
Public Policy Laws
Politics Issues related to the government
Policy Makers/Legislators People who make laws
Demonstrating Protesting
Lobbying Influencing government/policy
Public Agenda Issues that people care about/focus on
Forum Place
Opposing Opposite
Accountable Being held to your word/promises
Intrest Groups Group that cares about a given issue,influences people,government, and policy
Lobbyists Person with job of influencing government/policy
Electorate the group of people entitled to vote in an election
Democratic Party Liberal and progressive platform
Republican Party Supports the market-based solutions to environmental problems
Consent of the Governed People are the source of any and all government power
Rule of Law The Government and those who govern are bound by the law
Democracy In a democratic system of government the people rule
Limited Government Government is not all powerful and may only do the things the people have given it the right to do
Representative Government In a representative system of government, people elect public officeholders to make laws and conduct government on their behalf
Document A written item containig information
Declaration Something that is ammounced or proclaimed
Article A written document on a specific topic
Stock A piece of a company
Grievances Complaints
unalienable Can't be taken away
Statute Like a law
National Government Whole country,central government
Establish Start
Constitution Gives structure/laws for government
Dignity Pride
Press Media
Assemble Gather together
Petition Write to leaders with your opinions
Charter A document giving permission to create a government and providing a plan to show how the government should work
Charters of the Virginia Co. of London (written by) King James I
Charters of the Virginia Co. of London Guarenteed the colonists the rights of Englishmen, provided a gov. for the V.A colony
Virginia Declaration of Rights (written by) George Masson
Virginia Declaration of Rights Rights later contained in the Bill of Rights, was the model for the B.O.R, written to rebel against King
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (written by) Thomas Jefferson
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom Freedom of religion, established a separation of church and state
Declaration of Independence (written by) Thomas Jefferson
Declaration of Independence Declared the colonies independent, "Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" (unalienable rights)
Articles of confederation (written by) Continental Congress
Articles of Confederation Created a weak central gov. (states would hold most power) and led to the U.S Constitution
Preamble Introduction/goals of the U.S Constitution
Union Country/nation
Establish start
Justice Fairness (make and enforce rules)
Ensure Make sure something happens
Domestic Within the U.S
Tranquility peacefulness
Defense Protection/military
Promote Encourage
Welfare Happiness (the welfare of the community)
Security Safety
Liberty Freedom
Federal (synonyms) National, central
Foreign Policy Laws and issues dealing with other countries
Regulate Control
Commerce Trade
Tension Conflict
Mandate Order that you must follow
"We the People" Government's power comes from the people.First words of Preamble
Federalism The governments power is divided between state and national gov.
"without adequate funding" You don't have enough money to do what you need to do
10th Amendment Any power that the U.S Constitution doesn't give to the national gov. is reserved for the states
Derived obtained
Concurrent poweer shared power or a power that both national and state gov. have
Foreign Policy Dealing with or involved with a country(s) other than your own
Interstate Trade Trade amongst the states
Foreign trade Trade with other countries
Denied powers Powers that arn't given at all
Enumerated/Expressed/Delegated power A power that is spelled out/written in the Constitution (National)
Reserved/Implied powers A power that is NOT spelled out or written in the Constitution (State) Powers that are saved for the state
National powers Declare war, Coin money, Regulate interstate and foreign trade, Conduct foreign policy, establish postal offices
State powers Establish local government, Establish and maintain schools, conduct elections, regulate trade within states, provide for public health, welfare, and safety
Concurent powers Collect taxes, establish courts, borrow money, build roads, charter banks, hold elections, convict/hold people in jail/prisons
Amendment a change or addition to the constitution
1st Amendment Gives people the freedom of speech, press, assembly, petition, and religion
4th Amendment (don't need to know) Search and Seizure
5th Amendment National government must give you due process
14th Amendment State government must give you due process/Born or naturalized in the U.S= U.S citizen
16th Amendment Congress has the power to tax incomes
Ratify Approve
Convention Meeting to discuss potential amendments
Legislature Group that makes laws
General Assembly State legislature, makes laws for the states
Amendment process 1.2/3 of Congress or state legislatures propose 2.3/4 approve/ratify
Due process rights when accused of crime
Created by: elarocco