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AR Skin Chap

Integrumentary system review

acne vulgaris inflammatory disorder seen on face, chest, back and neck that appears in papules, pustules, & comedo's.
albinism absence of pigment in the skin, hair, & eyes
second degree burns exhibit blistering, pin to red color, w/ swelling, involve the epidermis & upper layer of dermis, are sensitive & painful, heal in about 2 weeks with no scar if there is no infection or trauma during process
basal cell carcinoma most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue on area's of skin exposed to sunlight
exannthematous viral disease types: rubella, roseloa, rubeola, and erythema
gangrene tissue death due to the loss of blood supply, invasion of bacteria - the decay produces foul odor
shingles acute viral infection, vesicular eruptions on the skin along nerve pathways
impetigo highly contagious superficial skin infection with serous vesicles and pustules which form crust
kaposi's sarcoma rare malignant lesion associated with AIDS - begins as a soft purple-brown dodule or plaque on fee that spreads throughout skin
stria overstretching of elastic fibers of the dermis due to obesity or pregnancy resulting in linear tears (ex. stretch mark)
leukoplakia white, hard, thick patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane of the mouth, vulva, or penis
eczema non-infectious chronic skin disorder; silvery scales, reddened plaques on scalp, ears, and bony prominences
scabies highly contagious parasitic infection, "human itch mite" rash with feelings of something crawling on the skin
systemic lupus erythematosus multi-system inflammatory disease with lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems, and butterfly rash on the nose and face
tinea capitis ringworm of the scalp
procedures to identify allergens through exposure ~intradermal injections, ~patch testing, ~scratch tests
cryosurgery non-invasive treatment for non-melanoma skin cancer using liquid nitrogen to freeze tissue
debridement removing debris, foreign objects, and damaged/necrotic tissue to prevent infection and promote healing
liposuction aspiration of fat through a suction cannula to alter body contours
skin biopsy removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for microscopic examination and dx
abscess localized collection of pus anywhere in the body
abrasion scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction
blister vesicle
bruise bluish-black discoloration of an area (ecchymosis)
cerumen ear wax
contusion injury to body part without a skin break
fissure crack-like sores or grooves in skin or mucous membrane
macule small, flat discoloration not raised or depressed (ex. freckle)
papule small, solid circumscribed elevation of skin (ex. mole)
petechia small pinpoint hemmorrhages of the skin
polyp small stalk-like growth that protrudes upward or outward from the mucous membrane
scales thin flakes of hardened epithelium that are shed from the epidermis
skin tags small, brownish or flesh colored outgrowths of skin occurring frequently around the neck
vesicle small, thin-walled skin lesion containg clear fluid
wheal circumscribed, slightly elevated lesion of the skin that is paler in the center than the surrounding edges
ulcer circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
sweat/perspiration clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands
sweat glands aka - sudoriferous glands
subcutaneous tissue fatty layer of tissue located beneath the dermis
sebum oily secretion of the sebaceous glands
pruritus itching
pediculosis lice infestation
lunula cresent-shaped, pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail
laceration tear in the skin
hair follicle tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of the hair shaft
epidermis outermost layer of skin
dermatologist physician who specializes in treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
corium another name for dermis
cellulitis diffused, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain and swelling
angi/o vessel
capit/o head
carcin/o cancer
corpor/o body
crur/o leg or thigh
cutane/o skin
derm/o skin
dermat/o skin
kel/o fiborous growth
lip/o fat
myc/o fungus
onych/o nail
ped/o foot
sarc/o flesh
albin/o white
cry/o cold
erythr/o red
hem/o blood
melan/o black
xer/o dry
epi- upon, above
sub- beneath, below, under
-emia blood condition
-ism condition
-osis condition
-logist specialist in the study of
-oma tumor
Created by: maxphia32