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Praxis 89 1

Revolutionalry war

French and Indian War (7 year war)1754-1760 British captured Montreal ends war in N> Am. In Eur. 3 more year Left britian w/ debt
King George III 1763 PROClamation response to Pontiac attack; prvented colonists from settling west of Appalachians. colonists had to pay the keep of British soldoiers to keep peace settlers wanted to explore beyond in 1763 borders softened to eastern Tenn. and KY
1764 Sugar Act import duties on sugar and other items into colonies
1765 Stamp Act taxed legal documents and printed matteer BOYCOTT repealed 1766
1767 Townsend Revenue Act taxed more imports:glass, lead, paint paper, tea BOYCOTT
The Boston Massacre March 5 1770 4,000soldiers/15,000Bostonians mob attack group sold 5 citizens killed Crspus Attucks first rev war death
Committees of Correspondence set up by Samuel Adams so colonies could keep intouch and act together
The Tea Act 1773 Helped East India company sell tea directly to colonists, chaper than smuggled tea, even with the tax included colonist furious dec 1773 Boston Tea Party
The Intolorable Act reponse to teaparty. Bosotn had to pay for tea, b only 1 town meeting/yr, British sold. sent to eng. for tial, B house troops w/in empty spaces & pay for it.
Quebec Act shifted land in Ohio valley to Quebec's control
Continental congress 1774 Phila drew up rights; ok w/ king but not paelaiment, defend against british troops
General thomas Gage appoi8nted gov of MA by King George; ordered capture of patriot leaders and munition destroyed ( in Concord)
Poaul Revers, Dawes and prescott ride to warn people that British soldiers coming April 19,1775
Lexington & concord redcoats fired on minutemen and killed 8 in Lex. hundreds of colonist turned uot @ concord and killed 73 brits
2nd Continental Congress May 1775 Phila Olive Branch Petition w/ loyalty to King but free from parl. Created contenental Army w/ Georgw Washington as commander
Battle of Bunker Hill (actually breeds hill) British won, but had 1,000 casualties, minutemen had less. Wash came and got troops to join him. March 1776 British withrew from MA.
Blockade set by King George Nov. 1775 rejects Olive Branch
Common Sense Jan 1776 Thomas Paine attacked king Gearge.
Declaration of Independence 2nd CC had Jeff write it July 2nd favored Ind ans July 4, 1776 approved D of I; United States of america
Gen Cornwallis surrendered Oct. 19, 1781; ended fighting
Treaty of Paris November 1783 officially ended war; US boundary Mississippi River
Early gov't under Contenetal Congree States write new constitutions w/ republics ( elected reps w/ poere from the people. Weak govenors.
The Articles of Confederation central gov't, loosely rel. states, no judge or presidnet. Congree power to declare war, make peace, coin and borrow money, natives, control all western lands. States alone had rights to enforce laws, regulate trade, and impose taxes
The Land Ordinance of 1785 sold Northwest Territoy 640 acres for $1/acre
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 created way to accept new states 60, 000 people to be represnted
The Confereation Period 1781-1789; debts, hard economic times; spn no trade on New Or; make no trade agreements; states taxed and import tax on goods in other states.
James Maddison and alexander hamilton 1781 change articles of confederation to TAX RI says no
Shay's Rebellion cont congress could do nothing re: internal conflict, just natives
Confederation Congress May 1787 55 reps in Philly (no RI); STRONG central gov't
VA plan J. Madison 2 house legislature, exec, and judiciary, # of reps depend on pop.
NJ plan Wm. Patterson kept Art. of Confed but gave congress ability to tax and regulate trade; weak exec. branch appointed by congress; each state one vote.
The Great Compromise Roger sherman of Conn. 2 houses one on pop, one equal # of votes.
3/5ths Compromise Southern staes and slaves - count as pop for representation, but not taxes; count 3/5ths of slaves for both.
Federalists strong central gov't.; promised Bill of rights;
The Federalists Papers 17887-1788 James Madison, Alexander Hamilto, and John Jay
Constitution approved by all states RI last; by 1790
federal govt established by Constitution national and states share power.
Article 1 legislative ; tax, wage war, trade, coin/borrow$, immigrants =citizens, pass any law neccessary to its operation (implied powers)
Article 2 executive/president commander-in-chief, makes treaties, ambassadors, judges and other officials
Article 3 judiciary; supreme court and other federal courts.
State powers 1oth ammend states alone set up municipaliites, towns, etc..., reg trade w/in state, police, schools, marraige laws
concurrent powers both state and fed;
Article V by a 2/3rds vote can propose an ammendment to constitution
Bill of Rights enabled passage of constitution
1st right freedom of rel, speech, assmebly, press and petition govt.
2nd right states maintain militia and right to bear arms
3rd right restricts quartering troops in homes
4th right unreasonable search and seizures
5th right due process of law
6th right speedy, public trial w/ impartial jury
7th right right to jury trial based on common law
8th right against excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment
9th right peoples rights not just in first 8 ammendments
10th right powers not granted to federal govt nor prohibited to states are reserved to the states and the people.
Created by: annem
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