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vital signs chp 4

Adventitious sounds Abnormal breath sounds.
Afebrile Without fever; The body temperature is normal.
Alveolus A thin-walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Antecubital space The space located at the front of the elbow.
Antipyretic An agent that reduces fever.
Aorta The major trunk of the arterial system of the body. The aorta arises from the upper surface of the left ventricle.
Apnea The temporary cessation of breathing
Axilla The armpit.
Bounding pulse. A pulse with an increased volume that feels very strong and full.
Bradycardia An abnormally slow heart rate. (less than 60 beats per minute.
Bradypnea An abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respirations per minute.
Celsius scale A tempaturescale on which the freezing point of whater is 0 degrees and the boiling point of water is 100 degrees; also called the centigrade scale.
Conduction The transfer of energy, such as heat, from one object to another by direct contact.
Convection The transfer of energy, such as heat, through air currents.
Crisis A sudden falling of an elevated body temperature to normal.
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
Diastole The phrase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions.
Diastolic pressure The point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall, which is recorded during diastole.
Dyspnea Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing.
Dysrhythmia An irregular rhythm; also termed arrhythmia.
Eupnea Normal respiration. The rate is 16 to 20 respirations per minute, the rhythm is even and regular, and the depth is normal.
Exhalation The act of breathing out.
Fahrenheit scale A temperature scale ib which the freezing point of water is 32 degrees and the boiling point of water 212 degrees.
Febrile Pertaining to fever.
Fever A body temperature that is above normal; synonym for pyrexia.
Frenulum linguae The midline fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of the mouth.
Hyperpnea An abnormal increase in the rate and depth of respirations.
Hyperpyrexia An extremely high fever.
Hypertension High blood pressure.
Hyperventilation An abnormally fast and deep type of breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety conditions.
Hypopnea An abnormal decrease in the rate and depth of of respiration.
Hypotension Low blood pressure.
Hypothermia A body temperature that is below normal.
Hypoxemia A decrease in the oxygen saturation of the blood. Hypoxemia may lead to hypoxia.
Hypoxia A reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissue of the body.
Inhalation The act of breathing in.
Intercostal Between the ribs.
Korotkoff sounds Sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic and diastolic blood pressure reading.
Malaise A vague sense of body discomfort, weakness, and fatigue that often marks onset of a disease and continues through the course of the illness.
Manotmeter An instrument for measuring pressure.
Meniscus Te curved surfaced on a column of liquid in a tube.
Orthopnea The condition in which breathing is easier when an individual is in a sitting or standing position.
Pulse oximeter A computerized device consisting of a probe and monitor used to to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse oximetry The use of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood.
Pulse pressure The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures.
Pulse rhythm The time interval between heartbeats.
Pulse volume The strength of the heartbeat.
Radiation The transfer of energy, such as heat, in the form of waves.
SaO2 (saturation of arterial oxygen) Abbreviation for the percentage of hemoglobin that is saturated with oxygen in arterial blood.
Sphygmomanometer An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure.
Stethoscope An instrument for amplifying and hearing sounds produced by the body.
Systole The phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract, sending blood out if the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary aorta.
Systole pressure The point of maximum pressure in the arterial walls, which is recorded during systole.
Tachycardia An abnormally fast heart rate. (more than 100 beats per minute)
Thready pulse A pulse with a decreases volume that feels weak and thin.
Created by: RachaelMoore