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Lymphatic, Immune

Fundamental of Body Structure Class

QuestionAnswer
The lymphatic system is a? circulatory system
The lymphatic system transports the fluid called? lymph
The fluid that escapes (seeps) from capillaries into tissue spaces is called? interstitial fluid
The result of insufficient draining of interstitial fluid is? edema
Concentrations of lymph vessels are called? lymph nodes and lymph glands.
The lymphatic system consists of? 1. Lymph
The lymphatic system consists of? 2. Lymph vessels.
The lymphatic system consists of? 3. Lymph nodes.
The lymphatic system consists of? 4. Tonsils
The lymphatic system consists of? 5. Spleen
The lymphatic system consists of? 6. Thymus gland
The lymphatic system consists of? 7. Peyer's patches.
The lymphatic system consists of? 8. Red bone marrow.
Lymph nodes are the shape of? beans
Lymph nodes are found? along the length of the lymphatic system.
The three ares of lymph node concentrations are? 1. Cervical (neck) 2. Axillary (armpits) 3. Inguinal or iliac (groin).
The primary functions of the lymphatic system are? 1. Drain fluid from tissue spaces that escape (oozes) from capillaries.
The primary functions of the lymphatic system are? 2. Transport fats from the digestive system to the blood.
The primary functions of the lymphatic system are? 3. Produce lymphocytes
The primary functions of the lymphatic system are? 4. Develop immunities.
The circulation of lymph through the lymph vessels is maintained by normal? skeletal muscle contractions.
Swelling of the lymph nodes is called? lymphadenopathy.
The three groups of tonsils are the? 1. Palatine tonsils 2. Pharyngeal tonsils. 3. Lingual tonsils.
In these positions the tonsils form a protective ring against? harmful microorganisms that might enter the nose or oral cavity.
The palatine tonsils are located in the? tonsillar fossa between the paryngopalatine and glossopalatine arches on either side of the posterior os of the oral cavity.
The pharyngeal tonsils are AKA? adenoids.
The spleen _______is shape? oval (calzone).
The spleen is the? single largest mass of lymphatic tissue in the body.
The pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids) are located close to the? internal orifice of the nasal cavity (nasopharynx).
The lingual tonsils are located on the? posterior surface of the tongue at its base.
The spleen is located in the? superior left corner of the abdominal cavity.
The functions of the spleen include? 1. Filters the blood to phagocytize bacteria, worn out platelets (thrombocytes), and erythrocytes (RBCs)
The functions of the spleen include? 2. Release hemoglobin (Hgh.) from the worn out erythrocytes (RBCs)
The functions of the spleen include? 3. Acts as a reservoir for blood.
The functions of the spleen include? 4. Produces lymphocytes.
The Peyer's patches are AKA? aggregated lymphatic follicles.
The Peyer's patches resemble? tonsils
The thymus is a bilobed mass of lymphatic tissue located in the? mediastinum.
The Peyer's patches are found in the walls of the? small intestines (duodenum, jejunum, and ilieum).
The Peyer's patches are responsible for preventing bacteria from? infecting and penetrating of the walls of the small intestine.
The function of the thymus is the maturation of? T lymphocytes (T cells).
The thymus reaches maximum size during? puberty and decreases in size as we age.
Red bone marrow is found in the? 1. Sternum
Red bone marrow is found in the? 2. Vertebrae
Red bone marrow is found in the? 3. Ribs
Red bone marrow is found in the? 4. Ilia
Red bone marrow is found in the? 5. The proximal and distal portions of each humerus and femur.
Red bone marrow is the site of stem cells that are ever capable of? dividing and producing blood cells (hematopoiesis).
Antibodies are immune proteins that bind to antigens and? tag the antigens for destruction by the immune system.
Antibodies are? specialized.
Specialized means that? only a specific antigen (virus, bacteria, fungus, etc.) will be attacked.
Some of these cells become leukocytes such as? 1. Monocytes (phagocytic)
Some of these cells become leukocytes such as? 2. Neutrophils (phagocytic).
Some of these cells become leukocytes such as? 3. Basophils (release histamine).
Some of these cells become leukocytes such as? 4. Eosinophils (toxins, helminths).
Some of these cells become leukocytes such as? 5. Lymphocytes (produce antibodies).
Antibody production is the only mechanism that can? defeat a viral infection.
Other B lymphocytes (B cells) become dormant and are responsible for a more? potent and rapid antibody response during subsequent exposures to the same antigen.
Lymphocytes are categorized as? 1. B lymphocytes (B cells) 2. T lymphocytes (T cells)
The B lymphocytes (B cells) mature in the? bone marrow
Some B lymphocytes (B cells) produce? antibodies.
These dormant B lymphocytes (B cells) are called? memory cells.
Memory cells are responsible for a? lasting immunity.
Types of antibodies include? 1. IgG
Types of antibodies include? 2. IgM.
Types of antibodies include? 3. IgA.
Types of antibodies include? 4. IgD.
Types of antibodies include? 5. IgE.
Ig stands for? immunoglobulin.
Administration of an attenuated for inactivated antigen is called a? 1. Vaccination.
Administration of an attenuated for inactivated antigen is called a? 2. Inoculation.
Administration of an attenuated for inactivated antigen is called a? 3. Immunization.
Booster immunizations are designed to stimulate the production of more? memory B cells.
The B lymphocytes (B cells) will develop antibodies when? 1. A person contracts a pathological antigen.
The B lymphocytes (B cells) will develop antibodies when? 2. A person is exposed to an attenuated or inactive pathological antigen.
MMR stands for? measles (rubeola), mumps (parotitis), and rubella (German measles).
Common trade name for the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine include? Priorix, Tresivac, and Trimovax.
Attenuated means that the antigen has been? cripples
Inactivated means that the antigen is? dead.
An attenuated or inactivated antigen does not cause disease but will? trigger that B lymphocytes (B cells) to produce antibodies.
OPV (IPV) stands for? oral (inactivated) polio vaccine
DPT Stands for? diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus.
Common trade names for the diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (DPT) vaccine include? DTaP -age 1-7 (Daptacel) Tdap -booster (Adacel,Boostrix)
VZV stands for? varicella zoster virus.
The varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes? chickenpox.
A common trade name for the varicella zoster vaccine is? Varivax.
MCV stands for? menigococcal vaccine.
The meningococcal vaccine (MCV) prevents? bacterial meningitis.
HAV stands for the? hepatitis A virus.
Common trade names for the hepatitis A vaccine include? Havrix and Vaqta.
Common trade names for the meningococcal vaccine (MCV) include? Menomune and Menactra.
MCV4 is recommended for ages? 2 through 55
MPSVA4 is recommended for ages over? 55
HBV stands for the? hepatitis B virus.
Common trade names for the hepatitis B vaccine include? Hepatovax, Energix B, and Recombivax HB.
Hib stands for? haemophilus influenza b vaccine
The haemophilus influenza b vaccine (Hib) prevents? bacterial meningitis.
PPV stands for? pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine.
The pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) prevents? pneumococcal pneumonia and meningitis.
Herpes zoster is also known as? shingles
A common trade name for the herpes zoster vaccine is? Zostavax.
Common trade names for the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) include? Prevnar, Penumovax 23, and Pnu-Immune 23.
RV stands for? rotavirus.
The rotavirus (RV) causes profound? diarrhea in infants and children.
A common trade name for the rotavirus (RV) vaccine is? Rota Teq.
HPV stands for? human papilloma virus.
The human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause? genital warts.
A common trade name for the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine is? Gardasil.
The last case of smallpox was in? 1977
The smallpox vaccine is not? routinely administered.
A blood test used to determine the amount of a specific antibody present is called an? antibody titer.
CD8 T lymphocytes (killer cells) destroy body cells that have been invaded by viruses and? destroys cancer cells.
CD4 T lymphocytes (helper cells) increase the activity of? killer cells, stimulate B lymphocytes (B cells), and activate monocytes.
A CD4 T lymphocyte count less than 200 indicates the transition from the? human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Created by: Penny S