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integumentary sis


abrasion scrapimg or away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area
abscess localized collection of pus in any part of the body
alopecia partial or complete loss of hair
bedsore an inflammation,sore,orulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part
blister a small thin-wall lesion skin containing clear fluid
bruise another word for ecchymosis
cellulitis** a diffuse acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized by local heat, deep redness, pain, and swelling
cerumen ear wax
comdeo black head
contusion an injury to a part of the body w/out a break in the skin
corium** the dermis
cryosurgery noninvasive treatment that uses subfrezzing temperature to freeze and destory the tissue
curettage the process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material
debridement removal or debris foreign objects, and damaged or necrotric tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing
dermatologist** physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
ecchymosis bruise
electrodesiccation technique that use an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue, used primarily for the removal of surface lesions
epidermis** outermost layer of the skin
erythema redness of the skin due to capillary dilation
eryhtremia abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells
fissure cracklike sore or grove in the skin or mucous member
furuncle a boil
hair follicle** tiny tube within the dermis that contains the roof of the hair shaft
hemangioma benign tumor the consists of a mass of blood blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color
laceration** tear in the skin
lunula** cresent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail
macule small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised or depressed
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nails
papule small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin
pediculosis** infestation w/lice
petechia small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin
polyp stalklike growth
pruritus** itching
scales thin flakes of hardness epithelium from the epidermis
sebum** the oily secretions of the sebaceous glands
skin tags a small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occuring frequently on the neck
stretchmarks** linear tears in the dermis that result from overstretching from rapid growth
subcutaneous tissue** fatty layer of tisse located beneath the dermis
sweat** clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands
sweat gland** one of the tiny structures within the dermis; also known as a sudoriferous gland
ulcer** a circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
vesicle a blister
wheal hives
xeroderma chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness
acne vulgaris inflammatory disoreder seen on face, chest, back and neck that appears in papules pustules and comedos
albinism absence of pignment in the skin, hair, and eyes
basal cell carcinoma most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue on areas of the skin exposed to sunlight
gangrene tissue death due to loss of blood supply invasion or bacteria the decay produces a foul odor
shingles acute viral infection, vesicular eruptions on the skin along nerve pathways
impetigo HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS superficial skin infection with serous vesicles and pustules which form crust
kaposi's sarcoma rare malignant lesion associated with AIDs-begins as a soft purple-brown nodule or plaque on the feet taht spreads throughtout the skin
leukoplakia white, hard thickenend patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane of the mouth, vulva or penis
eczema non-infections chronic skin disorder; reddened plaques on scalp, ears and bony prominences
scabies highly contagious parasitic infection "human itch mite" w/feelingsof something crawling on the skin
systemis lupus erythematosus multi-system inflammatory diseases with lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems and butterfly rash on the nose and face
tinea capitis ringworm of the scalp
tinea ringworm
tinea corporis ringworm of the body
tinea cruris ringworm of the groin
tinea pedis ringworm of the foot
wart(verruca) a benign, circumscribed, elevated skin lesion that results from hyperyrophy of the epidermis
liposuction apiration of fat through a suction cannula to alter body contours
skin biopsy removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for microscopic examination and diagnosis
allergy tesing various procedure used to identify specific allergens in an individual by exposing the person to a very small quantity of allergen
1st,2nd,3rd degree burns tissue injury produces by flame, heat, chemicals, radiation, electricity or gases
squamous cell carcinoma malignancy of the squamous cells of the epithelial tissue
exnthematous viral diseases a skin eruption or rash accompanied by inflammation
keloid enlarged irregularky shaped, and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during the formation of the scar
mailgnant melanoma mailgnant skin tumor originating frome mekanocytes in preexisting nevi, freckles, or skin with pigment
psoriasis common, noninfestious, chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales covering around, raised, reddened plaques produsing itching
rosacea chronix inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin of the middle third of the face
cyst closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
Created by: sgracia93