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AR Integumentary

Med Terms Chapter 5

abrasion scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane
abscess localized collection of pus in any part of the body
alopecia partial or complete loss of hair
bedsore an inflammation, sore, or ulcer in the skin over a bony prominence of the body - resulting from loss of blood supply and oxygen to the area due to prolonged pressure on the body part; also known as a decubitis ulcer
blister small thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a vesicle
bruise ecchymosis
cellulitis a diffuse acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, characterized by localized heat, deep redness, pain, and swelling
cerumen ear wax
comedo open comedo = blackhead
contusion injury to part of the body without a break in the skin
corium dermis; the layer of the skin just under the epidermis
cryosurgery cry/o = cold noninvasive treatment that uses subfreezing temperature to freeze and destroy the tissue
curettage process of scraping material from the wall of the cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material
debridement removal of debris, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing
dermatologist dermat/o=skin -logist=specialist in the study of physician who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the skin
ecchymosis also known as a bruise
electrodesiccation technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue; used primarily for the removal of surface lesions
epidermis epi=upon, over derm/o=skin -is=noun ending outermost layer of the skin
erythema redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation
cyanosis cyan/o=blue -osis=condition a condition of a blusih discoloration of the skin
cyst a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid
epithelium tissue that covers the internal and external surfaces of the body
erythremia erythr/o=red -emia=blood condition an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells
fissure cracklike sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane
furuncle a boil
gangrene death of tissue
hair follicle tiny tube within the dermis that contains the root of a hair shaft
hemangioma hem/o=blood angi/o=vessel -oma=tumor a benign (nonmalignant) tumor that consists of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color
keratin hard fibrous protein found in the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth, and horns of animals
laceration tear in the skin
lunula the cresent-shaped pale area at the base of the fingernail or toenail
macule small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neirther raised or depressed
melanin melan/o=black black or dark pigment
melanocytes melan/o=black cyt/o=cell -es=noun ending cells responsible for producing melanin
onychomycosis onych/o=nail myc/o=fungus -osis=condition any fungal infection of the nails
pachyderma pachy=thick derm/o=skin -a=noun ending abnormal thickening of the skin
papule small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin
pediculosis infestation with lice
petechia small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin
pimple a papule
polyp stalklike growth
pruritus itching
scales thin flakes of hardened epithelium shed from the epidermis
sebum oily secretion of the sebaceous glands
skin tags small brownish or flesh-colored outgrowth of skin occurring frequently on the neck
stretch marks linear tears in the dermis that result from overstretching from rapid growth
subcutaneous tissue sub-=beneath, under, below cutane/o=skin -ous=pertaining to fatty laryer of tissue located beneath the dermis
sudoriferous gland a sweat gland
sweat clear, watery fluid produced by the sweat glands; also known as perspiration
sweat gland one of the tiny structures within the dermis that produces sweat; also known as sudoriferous gland
ulcer circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation
wheal hive
xeroderma xer/o=dry derm/o=skin -a=noun ending chronic skin condition characterized by roughness and dryness
vesicle blister
acne vulgaris inflammatory disorder seen on the face, chest, back, and neck; appears as papules, pustules, and comedos; commonly known as acne
albinism albin/o=white -ism=condition absence of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes
1st degree burn superficial; redness and swelling, painful, heal with peeling in about 3-6 days with no scar (ex. sunburn)
2nd degree burn partial-thickness; blistering pink to red color and some swelling, involve epidermis and upper layer of dermis, very sensitive and painful, heal in about 2 weeks without scar in no infection or trauma occurs during healing process
3rd degree burn tissue damage, massive necrosis or epidermis and entire dermis, appear brown, black, tan, or deep cherry red, long time to heal
carcinoma, basal cell carcin/o=cancer -oma=tumor most common malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue on areas of skin exposed to sunlight
carcinoma, squamous cell carcin/o=cancer -oma=tumor malignancy of the squamous (or scalelike)cells or the epithelial tissue, grows fater than basal cell and greater potential for metastasis if not treated
eczema acute or chronic inflammatory skin condition
exathematous viral disease includes rubella, roseloa, rubeola, and erythema
gangrene tissue death due to loss of blood supply, invasion of bacteria the decay produces a foul odor
herpes zoster (shingles) acute viral infection, vesicular eruptions on the skin along nerve pathways
impetigo highly contagious superficial skin infection with serous vesicles and pustules which form crust
Kaposi's sarcoma sarc/o=flesh -oma=tumor rare malignant lesion associated with AIDS-begins as a soft purple-brown nodule or plaque on the feet that spreads throughout the skin
keliod kel/o=fibrous growth -oid=pertaining to enlarged, irregularly shaped, and elevated scar that forms due to the presence of large amounts of collagen during formation
leukoplakia leuk/o=white white, hard thickened patches firmly attached to the mucous membrane of the mouth, vulva, or penis
malignant melanoma melan/o=black, dark -oma=tumor darkly pigmented cancerous tumor
psoriasis common, noninfectious, chronic disorder of the skin manifested by silvery-white scales covering round, raised, reddened plaques producing itching (pruritus)
roscea chronic inflammatory skin disease that mainly affects the skin of the middle thrid of the face
scabies highly contagious parasitic infection "human itch mite" rash with feelings of something crawling on the skin
systemic lupus erythematosus chronic, multisystem disease characterized by lesions of the nervous system and skin, renal problems - butterfly rash
tinea ringworm
tinea capitis capit/o=head -is=noun ending ringworm of the scalp
tinea corporis corpor/o=body -is=noun ending ringworm of the body
tinea cruris crur/o=leg or thigh -is=noun ending ringworm of the groin (jock itch)
tinea pedis ped/o=foot -is=noun ending ringworm of the foot (athlete's foot)
wart (verruca) benign, circumscribed, elevated skin lesion; caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV)
allergy testing various procedures used to identify specific allergens in the individual by exposing the person to a very small quantity of the allergen
debridement removing debris, foreign objects and damaged/necrotic tissue to prevent infection and promote healing
liposuction lip/o=fat aspiration of fat through a suction cannula to alter body contours
skin biopsy removal of a small piece of tissue from skin lesions for microscopic examination and diagnosis
Created by: maxphia32