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PRAXIS 2 0049 1

1st & 2nd Language Acquisition

QuestionAnswer
Noam Chomsky language acqusition is innate, not acquired; children do not simply copy language
Universal grammar basis upon which all human languages are builet
Poverty of Stimulus Arguement children learn language despite adults changing in mid stream, making mistKES
Chomsky's 6 universal stagrs of languge acqusitioin PRE_LINGUISTIC- silent period,HOLOPHRASTIC - one word, TWO WORD STAGE, TELEGRAPHIC (28mo)omit/sub, INTERMEDIATE, ADULT
Jerome Bruner Lang. Acqu Device (LAD) + Lang. Acqu. Support system (LASS)
LASS parents provide ritualized scenarios: taking bath, mealtime which are emotionlly charged. Child learns how L is used.
John McNamara Children innate capacity to learn meaning from social situations
Receptive Lnaguage abilty to attend to, process, comprehend, retain, &/o integrate spoekn o written language
Cognitive Lnaguage Language that is received, processed into memory, integrated w/knoledge, then made part of knowledge
Expressive language selecting words, forming into ideas, & producing them
Steven Crashen 2nd L Acqui.
5 Components of second lang acqui acqusition-learning hypothsis, monitor H, natural order H, input H, Affective filter H
Acqisition- Learning H acuired ( unconscious) system and learned (formal instruction) system independent but related
Monitor H illustrates how acquired system is effected by learned systemAmt of monitoring is on continuum.
Natural Order H sequence in which 2nd langiaue learned; 1 word, wor AND ds tog. based on meaning(NOT SYNTAX, ID ELEMENTS BEG AND END SENTENCES, id elemenst w/in sentences
Input H only progress in natural order when encounter speaker one step above self
Affective Filter H external factors which may impede nat. ord: motivation, self-confidence, anxiety
Pragmatics the rules of social language
Pragmatic's 3 communication skills use appropriately in social situations, change language to listeners needs, following conversation rules
Communative isolation 1st step in developing dialect
dialect subdivision of a lang.
Created by: annem