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Respiratory Sys-Ch.4

The words without root relations

QuestionAnswer
asthma repiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) any persistent lung disease that obstructs the bronchial airflow, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema.
coccidioidomycosis` fungal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs of the body (valley fever or cocci)
cor pulmonale serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysema
croup condition resulting fro acute obstruction of the larynx, which occurs in children
cystic fibrosis generalized hereditary disorder of infants and children characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract
deviated septum one part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury
emphysema stretching of lung tissue caused by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity
epistaxis nosebleed
influenza highly infections respiratory disease caused by a virus (flu)
Legionnaires' disease a lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing
pertussis respiratory disease characterized by an acute crowing inspiration, or whoop (aka whooping cough)
pleural effusion escape of a fluid into the pleural space as a result of inflammation
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) a pneumonia caused by P. carinii, a microorganism of uncertain status. Common disease of AIDS patients
pulmonary edema fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles
pulmonary embolism foreign matter, such as a blood clot, air, or fat clot carried in the circulation to the pulmonary artery, where it acts as a block.
tuberculosis (TB) an infectious disease, caused by an acid-fast bacillus, most commonly spread by inhalation of infected droplets, and usually affecting the lungs.
upper respiratory infection (URI) infection of the nose, larynx, and bronchi.
airway mechanical device used to keep the air passageway unobstructed; b, passegeway by which air enters and leaves the lungs
asphyxia deprivation of oxygen for tissue usage; suffocation
aspirate a, to withdraw fluid or to suction; b, to draw foreign material into respiratory tract
bronchoconstrictor agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
bronchodilator agent causing the bronchi to widen
cough sudden, noisy expulsion of air from the lungs
hiccup sudden catching of breath with a spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
hyperventilation ventilation of lungs beyond normal body needs
hypoventilation ventilation of the lungs which does not fulfill the body's gas exchange needs
mucopurulent containing both mucus and pus
mucus slimy fluid secreted by the mucous membranes
nebulizer device that creates a fine spray (used for giving respiratory treatment)
paroxysm period, sudden attack
patent open
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
ventilator mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing when patient cannot breathe unassisted.
Created by: 51600302