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bonewit chap 4

adventitious sounds abnormal breath sounds
afebrile without fever the body temp is normal.
alveolus a thin walled air sac of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place
antecubital space the space located at the front of the elbow
antipyretic an agent that reduces fever
aorta the major trunk of the arterial of the body.
apnea the temporary cessation of breathing
axilla the armpit
bounding pulse a pulse with an increase volume rate that feels very strong and full
bradycardia an abnormally slow heart rate (less than 60 BPM)
bradypnea an abnormal decrease in the respiratory rate of less than 10 respiration per min
celsius scale a temp scale on which the freezing point of water is 0 and the boiling point of water is 100.
conduction the transfer of energy , such as heat from one object to another by direct contact
convection the transfer of energy such as heat through air currents
crisis a sudden falling of an elevated body temp to normal
cyanosis a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
diastole the phase in the cardiac cycle in which the heart relaxes between contractions
diastolic pressure the point of lesser pressure on the arterial wall which is recorded during diastole
dyspnea shortness of breath or difficutly in breathing
dysrhythmia an irregular rhythm;
eupnea normal respiration, the rate is 26-20 respirations per minute the rhythm is even and regular and the dept is normal
exhalation the act of breathing out
fahrenheit scale a temputer scale on which the freezing point of water is 32 and the boiling point of water is 212
febrile pertaining to fever
fever a body temperature that is above normal; synonym for pyrexia
frenulum linguae the mid line fold that connects the undersurface of the tongue with the floor of mouth
hypernea an abnormal increase in the rate and dept of respiration
hyperpyrexia an extreamely high fever
hyperventilation an anormal fast and deep type of breathing usually associated with acute anxiety conditions
hypotension low blood pressure
hypothermia a body temp that is below normal
hypoxemia a desease in the oxygen saturation of the blood
hypoxia reduction in the oxygen supply to the tissue
inhalation the act of breathing in
intercostal between the ribs
korotkoff sounds sounds heard during the measurement of blood pressure that are used to determine the systolic
malaise a vague sense of body discomfort weakness and figue that often marks the onset of a disease and cntinues through the course of the illness
manometer an instrument for measuring pressure
meniscus the curved surface on a column of liquid in a tube
orthopnea the condition in which breathing is easier when an individual os in a sitting or standing poistion
pulse oximeter a computerized device consiting of a probe and moniter used to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood
pluse oximetry the ise of a pulse oximeter to measure the oxygen saturation of arterial blood
pulse preesure the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures
pulse rhythm the time interval between heartbeats
pulse volume the strenght of the heart beat
radiation the transfer of energy such as heat in the forms of waves
SaO2 abb for the percetnage of hemoglobin that is saturation with oxygen in arterial blood
SpO2 abb for the percentage of hemoglobin that is satyrated with oxygen in arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter
sphygmomanometer an instrument fir measuring arterail blood measuring blood pressure
stethoscope an instrumnt for ampifying and hearing sounds produced by the body
systole phase in cardiac cycle in which the venttricles contract sending blood out of the heart and into the aorta and pulmonary
systloic presure the point of maximum pressure on the arterial walls.
tachycardia an abnormally fast heart rate
tachypnea an abdnormally increase in the respiratory rate of more than 20 respirations per min
thready pulse a pulse with a decrease volume that feels weak and thin
Created by: Breanneharber