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AR Whole Body Term

Whole Body Terms

abdominal cavity cavity beneath the thoracic cavity; contains: liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines, and kidneys
anaplasia a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form
anatomical position *the standard reference position for the body as a whole* the person is standing with arms at the sides and palms turned forward; head and feet are also pointing forward
anterior pertaining to the front of the body or toward the belly of the body
aplasia a developmental failure resulting in the absence of any organ or tissue
cardiac muscle muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart
caudal pertaining to the tail
cell smallest and most numerous structural unit in living matter
cell membrane semipermeable barrier that is the outer covering of a cell
cervical vertebrae C1 through C7
chromosomes threadlike structures within the nucleus that controls the functions of growth, repair, and reproduction for the body
coccyx tailbone
connective tissue tissue that supports and binds other body tissue and parts
cranial pertaining to the skull or cranium
cranial cavity the cavity that contains the brain
cytology the study of cells
distal away from or farthest from the trunk of the body or point of origin of a body part
dorsal pertaining to the back
dysplasia any abnormal development of tissues or organs
epigastric region region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen
epithelial tissue the tissue that covers the internal and external organs of the body
frontal plane vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet, dividing the body into front and back portions (anterior/posterior)
genes segments of chromosomes that transmit hereditary characteristics
histologist medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues
hyperplasia increase in the number of cells of a body part
hypogastric region middle section of the lower abdomen, beneath the umbilical region
hypoplasia incomplete or underdeveloped organ or tissue
inferior below or downward toward the tail or feet
inguinal region right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen
lateral toward the side of the body, away from the midline of the body
lumbar region right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen
McBurney's point A point on the right side of the abdomen, about two-thirds of the distance between the umbilicus and the anterior bony prominence of the hip (appendix issues)
medial toward the midline of the body
mediolateral pertaining to the middle and side of a structure
midline of the body body is divided into equal right and left halves (medial/lateral)
mitochondria cell organs, which provide the energy needed by the cell (energy to cell)
muscle tissue tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and relaxing its fibers
navel umbilicus; belly button
neoplasia new and abnormal development of cells that may be benign or malignant
nervous tissue tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body
nucleus central controlling body within a living cell
pelvic cavity lower front cavity of the body, contains: bladder and reproductive organs
peritoneum specific serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body
plane imaginary slices (or cuts)made through the body
plantar pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot
posterior pertaining to the back of the body
prone lying facedown on the abdomen
proximal toward or nearest to the trunk of the body
sacrum singular triangular-shaped bone
skeletal muscle muscle that is attached to the bone
smooth muscle muscle found in the walls of the hollow internal organs of the body
superficial pertaining to the surface
superior above or upward toward head
supination a movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward
supine lying horizontally on the back, faceup
thoracic cavity the chest cavity, contains: lungs, heart, esophagus, and trachea
tissue a group of cells that performs specialized functions
transverse plane dividing the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions
umbilical region the region of the abdomen located in the middle section of the abdomen
umbilicus navel; also called the belly button
ventral front; belly side
visceral internal organs
visceral muscle smooth muscle
Created by: maxphia32