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Maching Test Review

A&P Bones Matching Review

QuestionAnswer
Slightly movable Amphiarthroses
growth in bone diameter Appositional Growth
movement Articulation
the round head of one bone fits into a depression or cup formed by another bone or a group of bones. (e.g., shoulder and hip) Ball-and-Socket
an inflammation of the bursae that restricts motion, causes pain Bursitis
collar bone Clavicle
the ends of bones rest in a depression of the opposing joint bone (e.g., between radius and ulna; between the condyloid process and the mandible) condyloid joint
shaft in a long bone Diaphysis
freely movable Diarthroses
inner lining Endosteum
at the ends of long bones a layer cartilage forms. Epiphyseal plate
replacement follows in ends Epiphysis
a large opening in the occipital bone of the cranium. Foramen magnum
is a shallow pyriform, articular surface, which is located on the lateral angle of the scapula. It is directed laterally and forward and articulates with the head of the humerus; it is broader below than above and its vertical diameter is the longest. Glenoid cavity
bones glide slightly over each other. Ligaments prevent movement. (e.g., vertebra–vertebra; tarsal and carpal bones) Gliding joint
between the teeth and jaw Gomphosis
blood formation Hematopoiesis
allows angular movement in one direction like the opening and closing of a door. (e.g., knee, elbow) Hinge joint
connects to the skull by ligaments. Supports the tongue. Attached to the C4 (cervical) vertebrae. Hyoid bone
Point where two bones meet and interact Joint
associated with the lacrimal glands or tear glands/ducts lacrimal bone
holes in the bone matrix lacunae
thin plates or narrow sheets in the matrix lamellae
tie bones to bones ligaments
sites of articulation between the skull and the vertebral column. occipital condyle
forms the point of the elbow olecranon process
embryonic bone formation ossification
means bone osteo
Responsible for osteogenesis (new bone growth); Source of collagen, calcium salts osteoblast
giant cell Source of acid, provides enzymes for osteolysis (breaking apart of a bone cell) and absorption of cell parts; Promotes calcium homeostasis osteoclast
new bone growth osteogenesis
breaking apart of a bone cell osteolysis
Basic functional unit of long, compact bone; columnar in shape. osteon
Less than normal ossification (mineral content) in bone patella- kneecap osteopenia
kneecap patella
bones that make up the shoulder pelvic girdle
outer covering periosteum
permits bone rotation pivot joint
where red blood cells and white blood cells are produced red bone marrow
begins as five bones and fuses later in child development; vertebrae located in hip area sacrum
allows angular motion and a wide range of other movements (e.g., thumb) saddle joint
shoulder blade scapula
A central depression in the sphenoid bone which houses the pituitary gland sella turcica
cranium suture
the cartilage between the pelvis and between vertebrae symphysis
immovable synarthrosis
between bone and cartilage; epiphyseal plates synchondrosis
ligament connection between tibia and fibula syndesmosis
most complex joint having a joint capsule with synovial fluid for lubrication synovial joints
fat is stored here yellow bone marrow
cheek bones zygomatic bones
Created by: brandon_kyle10