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AP Euro Cards #2

Huguenots French Calvinists
Edict of Nantes 1598-granted the huguenots liberty of conscience and worship
Thomas Wolsey cardinal, highest ranking church official and lord chancellor. Dismissed by Henry VIII for not getting the pope to annul his marriage to Catherine of Aragon
Act of Supremacy declared the king (Henry VIII) the supreme head of the church of England in 1534
Pope Clement VII (r. 1523-34) Pope during the Sack of Rome. Also refused to recognize Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon, which led to the English Reformation
Anglicanism Upholding to the teachings of the Church of England as defined by Elizabeth I.
Council of Trent (1645-63) Called by Pope Paul III to reform the church and secure reconciliation with the Protestants. Lutherans and Calvinists did not attend.
Thomas Cranmer Prepared the First Book of Common Prayer
Ignatius Loyola Founded the Society of Jesus, resisted the spread of Protestantism, wrote Spiritual Exercises
Jesuits members of the Society of Jesus, staunch Catholics. Led by Loyola
Baroque Style in art and architecture developed in Europe from about 1550 to 1700, emphasizing dramatic, curving forms, elaborate ornamentation, and overall balance of disparate parts. Associated with Catholicism
Defenestration of Prague (1518) The throwing of Catholic officials from a castle window in Bohemia. Started the thirty years' War
Peace of Westphalia Treaty that ended the Thirty Years' war (1648) and readjusted the religious and political affairs of Europe.
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre Mass slaying of Huguenots (Calvinists) in Paris, on Saint Bartholomew's Day, 1572. Organized by Catherine de Medici
War of the Three Henrys (1585-1589) French civil war because the Holy League vowed to bar Henri of Navarre from inheriting the French throne. Supported by the Holy League and Spain's Philip II, Henri of Guise battles Henri III of Valois and Henri of Navarre.
Catherine de Medici Was the wife of Henry II (Valois). She acted as regent during the reign of her three weak and ineffective sons- Francis II (1559-60) Charles IX (1560-74) Henry III (1574-89). ordered the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre
Created by: kizzly1k