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Fendryk Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
The Scientific Revolution an era associated primarily with the 16th and 17th centuries during which new ideas and knowledge in physics, astronomy, biology, medicine and chemistry transformed medieval and ancient views of nature and laid the foundations for modern science
Nicolas Copernicus was a Renaissance astronomer and the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentric cosmology which displaced the Earth from the center of the universe
William Harvey an English physician who was the first person to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and the properties of blood being pumped to the body by the heart
Galileo an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer and philosopher who played a major role in the Scientific Revolution
Johannes Kepler A German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer; a key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution
Sir Frances Bacon An English philosopher, statesman, scientist, lawyer, jurist, author and pioneer of the scientific method. He served both as an Attorney General and Lard Chancellor of England
Rene Descartes A French philosopher and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic. He had been dubbed the 'Father of Modern Philosophy.'
Sir Isaac Newton An English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian. Newton describer universal gravitation and the three laws of motion
The Age of Enlightenment An elite cultural movement of intellectuals in the 18th century Europe, that sought to mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society and advance knowledge
John Locke Known as the father of liberalism, was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of enlightenment thinkers
Thomas Hobbes An English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book Leviathan established the foundation for most of the Western political philosophy
Philosophies Intellectuals of the 18th century Enlightenment. Few were primarily philosophers; were public intellectuals who applied reason to the study of many areas of learning, including philosophy, history, science, politics, economics and social issues
Progress The idea that the world can become increasingly better in terms of science, technology, modernization, liberty, democracy, quality of life, etc.
Deism The philosophy of religion is the standpoint that reason and observation of the natural world, without the need for organized religion, can determine that the universe is a creation and has a creator
Tolerance The practice of permitting a thing of which one disapproves, such as social, ethnic sexual or religious practices
Jean Jacques Rousseau A major Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th-century Romanticism. His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought
Mary Wollstonecraft An 18th-century British writer, philosopher and advocate of women's rights. During her brief career, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution, a conduct book and a children's books
The Vindication of the Rights of Women Written by Mary Wollstonecraft, one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy. In it, she responds to those educational and political theorists of 18th century who didn't believe women should have education. She argues that women ought to have an educ
The Social Contract Written by Jean-Jacques Rousseau, is the book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way in which to set up a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society
The General Will Made famous by Rousseau, is a concept in political philosophy referring to the desire or interest of a people as a whole. As used by Rousseau, the "general will" is identical to the rule of law
Created by: heissam14