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West Civilization 2

Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
The period roughly between 1500 and 1700 during which the foundations of modern science were laid down in Western Europe. Before this period, nothing like science in the modern sense existed. The Scientific Revolution
A Polish scientist who revolutionized astronomy by proposing that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the solar system. This is known as the Copernican System. Nicolas Copernicus
A English physician who discovered the circulation of blood. William Harvey
A Tuscan (Italian) astronomer, physicist, mathematician, inventor, and philosopher. Galileo
A German mathematician, astronomer and astrologer. A key figure in the 17th century scientific revolution, he is best known for his eponymous laws of planetary motion. Johannes Kepler
An English philosopher, statesman, scientist, lawyer, jurist, author and pioneer of the scientific method. Sir Francis Bacon
A French philosopher and writer who spent most of his adult life in the Dutch Republic. Rene Descartes
A English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian. Sir Isaac Newton
An elite cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe that sought to mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society and advance knowledge. The Age of Enlightenment
An English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. John Locke
An English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. Thomas Hobbe
The study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, esp. when considered as an academic discipline. Philosophes
Move forward or onward in space or time. Progress
Belief in the existence of a supreme being, specifically of a creator who does not intervene in the universe. Deism
The ability or willingness to tolerate something, in particular the existence of opinions or behavior that one does not necessarily agree with. Tolerance
A major Genevan philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century Romanticism. Jean Jacques Rousseau
An eighteenth-century British writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights. Mary Wollstonecraft
Written in the 18th-century by Mary Wollstonecraft, is one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy. In it, Wollstonecraft responds to those educational and political theorists of the 18th century who did not believe women should have an education. The Vindication of the Rights of Woman
An agreement among the members of an organized society or between the governed and the government defining and limiting the rights and duties of each. The Social Contract
The source of legitimate authority residing in the collective will as contrasted with individual interests. The General Will
Created by: dambmad14