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enlightement

western civilization chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
galileo known for invention of the telescope which he used to develop his scientific theories.
scientific revolution led to the establishment of modern science.
nicolas copernicus known for his astronomical theory that the sun is at rest near the center of the universe, and that the earth, spinning on its axis once daily, revolves annually around the sun
william harvey the first person to describe completely and in detail the systemic circulation and properties of blood being pumped to the body by the heart.
johannes kepler German astronomer and natural philosopher, noted for formulating and verifying the three laws of planetary motion
sir franci bacon english philosophers and statesman one of the pioneers of modern scientific thought.
rene decartes French philosopher, scientist, and mathematician, sometimes called the father of modern philosophy
sir isaac newton formulated laws of universal gravitation and motion
the age of enlightement an elite cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe, that sought to mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society and advance knowledge.
john locke English philosopher, who founded the school of empiricism.
thomas hobbes English philosopher and political theorist, one of the first modern Western thinkers to provide a secular justification for the political state
philosophes the intellectuals of the 18th century Enlightenment.
progress the idea that the world can become increasingly better in terms of science, technology, modernization...
deism the philosophy of religion is the standpoint that reason and observation of the natural world, without the need for organized religion, can determine that the universe is a creation and has a creator.
tolerance the practice of permitting a thing of which one disapproves, such as social, ethnic, sexual, or religious practices.
jean jacques rousseau French philosopher, social and political theorist, musician, botanist, and one of the most eloquent writers of the Age of Enlightenment.
mary wollstonecraft She became a member of an intellectual group that included the English poet and pleads for equality of education and opportunity between the sexes.
the vindication of the right of woman is one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy.
the social contract an intellectual device intended to explain the appropriate relationship between individuals and their governments.
the general will a concept in political philosophy referring to the desire or interest of a people as a whole.
Created by: liowona