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Constitution Vocab

Unit 2 Vocabulary Terms

Framers men responsible for creating the US Constitution in 1787
Virginia Plan Plan proposed at the Constitutional Convention by James Madison that suggested having representation in Congress based on state population
New Jersey Plan plan proposed at the Constitutional Convention that suggested having representation in Congress based on one state-one vote
Connecticut Compromise (AKA the Great Compromise) suggested that there be a two house Congress, with one house's representation based on population and the other house's representation based on two votes per state
Three-fifths Compromise agreement between Northern states and Southern states to count each slave as 3/5 of a person for the purposes of determining state population for representation
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise agreement that forbid Congress to tax any exported goods (benefitted the North) and forbid Congress to do anything about the slave trade for a minimum of 20 years (benefitted the South)
Federalists supporters of the original Constitution as constructed in 1787 (without a Bill of Rights)
Anti-Federalists opponents of the Constitution, unless a Bill of Rights was added--they felt that the national government had too much power
ratification the process of formal approval for the Constitution or any amendment
Preamble the opening to the Constitution (like an introduction) where the purposes of the document are outlined
articles the individual pieces of the Constitution--there are 7 of them in total (labeled in roman numerals)
constitutionalism the concept that a government must be conducted according to constitutional principles
rule of law the idea that a government and its officers are always subject to the same laws as individual people (they're not above the law)
separation of powers the distribution of government power among three independent and equal branches--the executive, legislative, and judicial
checks and balances Within the separation of powers, each branch is subject to several "checks" on its power to ensure that no single branch becomes too powerful
veto Power of the President to "check" Congress by rejecting an act of Congress
judicial review power of the Supreme Court to review COngress's laws and decide if they follow the Constitution or not (the judicial "check" on the legislative)
unconstitutional term used to define a law that the Supreme Court finds to be in violation of the spirit of the US Constitution, will mean that the law is null and void
federalism the division of power between the national government and state governments
amendment a formal addition to the Constitution, which must be approved by states
formal amendment changes that become part of the official wording of the Constitution
Bill of Rights the first 10 amendments to the Constitution, which are designed to protect individual rights
division of powers powers of governing are divided between the national government and the state governments
delegated powers the national government has only the powers which are given to it in the Constitution
expressed powers the delegated powers that are explicitly listed in the Constititution (the COnstitution says the National government can do this.)
implied powers powers granted to the National government which are suggested, but not explicitly stated, in the Constitution
inherent powers powers that the National government has because it must have them to be a sovereign nation (such as regulating immigration or trade)
reserved powers powers that are not explicitly granted to the National government (and are not denied to states)
exclusive powers powers that are granted to and exercised by ONLY the national government
concurrent powers powers that are granted to and exercised by the national government AND the states
Created by: Jlogan13