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Praxis II 0049 I

Study of Literature - Periods and Fiction

traditional literature ancient stories; set form
Types of traditional literature I parable didactic -teaches lesson fable - nonrealistic teaches story fairy tale - magic;idealistic;pattern; stereotyping
Types of trad. lit II Folk tales - told in native language;entertain;(noodlehead - funny) myths - explains things legends - exaggerated real person places things
Movements in lit romanticism; realism; symbolism; modernism; surrealism; existensialism
Romanticism 18th & 19th C imagination; fancy; freedom; emotion; wildness; beauty of nature; individual rights; pastoral life; noble common man
romanticism writers W. Wordsworth; Lord Byron, PB Shelley; v. Hugo
Realism 19th C reaction to romance Novel- key; true to life; everyday life
Realism writers Balzac; Gearge Eliot; Dostoevsky; Tolstoy
Symbolism Fr. 19th C- reacted to realism evoke indirectly and symboliccaly; beyond the 5 senses
Symbolism writers Baudelaire; Rimbauld; Yeats; Joyce; TS Eliot
Modernism early 20th C experimentation; knoewledge is not absolute
Modern writers Einstien; Planck's quantum theory; Frued unconscious
Surrealism - 20th C surprise; juxtaposition; free peole from false rationality and restrictive customs and structures
surrealism writers Breton; Frued free association
Existentialism - 19th & 20th C individual freedom; freedom of choice;
Existensialism writers Kierkegard; pascal; Nietsche; heidegger; Sartre
Types of Modern Literature novels; romance; confession; manippean satire
Novels realistic coul/have happen/ed
Romance idealized life in which character, setting, plot beyond real life experieice; fantasy
Confession 1 character reveals thoughts and ideas (round character;
Confession writers laura Ingalls Wilder
Manippean Satire reader sees world through the eyes of another
manippean Writer Dahl in Charlie and the choc fact.
Literary elements tone; figurative language; allusion; diction; voice; pt o view; style; plot; setting; character; theme
Tone author's attitude; condescension; didactic; irony; humorl; sentimentality
Figurative language simile; metaphor; analogy; personification; cliches
Allusion reference to hist or literay events people generally known
Diction choice of words
Voice writers individual writing style combining use of dialogue, diction, alliteration (fingerprint of author)
Point of View first second third
omniscient pt o view narratoe knows all about characters and shares everything w/ reader
limited omniecent pt o v doesn't share everything
objective pt o v simply tells what is happening
Style devices that make words flow, enhance meaning, and make writing appealing
denotation precise meaning
connotation impression or feeling a word gives
alliteration repeat initial consonant sound
consonance repeat sound at end of words
assonance repetition of vowel sounds
onomatopoeia word represents sound
ryhtym flow or cadence of words
imagery descriptive language designed to create a mental image for reader
hyperbole exaggeration
understatement underplays something
wordplay witty word use : pun 92 menaings of word play off each other)
symbolism use one person place or thing to represent another
plot definite order, conflict, pattern, two types
plot order of chronological, sequential, or random; flashback & foreshadowing
plot conflict in internal or external
plot patterns of action suspense (uncertainty; cliffhangers); foreshadowing; sensationalism 9emotionally charged;
plot climax highest point of interest in book (false climax)
plot denoument ending of book; open=unanswered; closed answered
plot progressive read entire book to find answers
plot episodic each chapter related but a whole in itself
Setting time and place; backdrop - not essential to story; integral - essential to plot
round character fully described or revealed
flat character not fully developed or described
dynamic character developing or changing
static character unchanging
character protagonist positive force
character antagonist negative force
Theme main idea or central meaning
Three main themes in traditionla lit survival of the unfittest: picaresqur(journey) theme; reversal of fortune
Created by: annem
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