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Cianci- Burns

The Thirty Years' War

QuestionAnswer
When did the Thirty Years' War take place? 1618-1648 thirty years:)
What set the Catholics against Protestants and Calvinists against Lutherans? Religious and political differences
What was The Peace of Augsburg? 1555- gave each area sovereignty within its borders
What did Protestnts suspect after the Council of Trent? Imperial and papal conspiracy to recreate Catholic Europe
Who waa the most successful in getting rights to worship in the others' land: Catholics of Lutherans? Lutherans
Protestants had said that princs,electors, archbishops, abbots, etc, that went from Catholic to Protestant must be deprived of office. What was the Lutheran and Calvinists' responseto this? They ignored it. All the time.
Aside from religious reasons, what caused anxiety for religiuos people in late 1500s? The scintific and mateial culture in intelectual/political things
Frederick III converted to what religion? Calvinism, he made it official religion of his domain
What was a great intellectual center of Calvinism and area where it entered the empire? German Geneva, 1560s
What did thw Lutherans begin to think of the Calvinists? They feared them like Catholics, thought they threatened the Peace of Augsburg
Which cities did the Jesuits win? Strasbourg and Osnabruck
Who organized a CatholicLeague to counter the Protestant alliance in 1609? Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria
What were the 4 period of the War? Bohemian(1618-1625), Danish(1625-1629), Swedish(1630-1635), Swedish-French( 1635-end)
War broke out in Bohemia after whoo came to the throne? Habsburg Ferdinand, archduke of Styria
After Ferdinand's "thing" with Rudolf II and his Letter of MAjesty, what happenedto Ferdinand? He became Holy Roman Emporer as FerdinandII
Who is Frederick V? TheCalvanist elector whom they declared their king
Who is John George I of Saxony? Luther
Who waa the most successful in getting rights to worship in the others' land: Catholics of Lutherans? Lutherans
Protestants had said that princs,electors, archbishops, abbots, etc, that went from Catholic to Protestant must be deprived of office. What was the Lutheran and Calvinists' responseto this? They ignored it. All the time.
Aside from religious reasons, what caused anxiety for religiuos people in late 1500s? The scintific and mateial culture in intelectual/political things
Frederick III converted to what religion? Calvinism, he made it official religion of his domain
What was a great intellectual center of Calvinism and area where it entered the empire? German Geneva, 1560s
What did thw Lutherans begin to think of the Calvinists? They feared them like Catholics, thought they threatened the Peace of Augsburg
Which cities did the Jesuits win? Strasbourg and Osnabruck
Who organized a CatholicLeague to counter the Protestant alliance in 1609? Maximilian I, Duke of Bavaria
What were the 4 period of the War? Bohemian(1618-1625), Danish(1625-1629), Swedish(1630-1635), Swedish-French( 1635-end)
War broke out in Bohemia after whoo came to the throne? Habsburg Ferdinand, archduke of Styria
After Ferdinand's "thing" with Rudolf II and his Letter of MAjesty, what happenedto Ferdinand? He became Holy Roman Emporer as FerdinandII
Who is Frederick V? TheCalvanist elector whom they declared their king
Who is John George I of Saxony? Luthern elector, ally to Spanish
Who held territorry in the empire as duke of Holstein? Lutheran king Christian IV of Denmark
He entered Germany with his army in 1626. WHat happened? Maximilian forcedthem to retreat to Denmark
Emporer Ferdinand went to this person when he said Maximilian was not trustworthy. Albrecht of Wallenstein
What would the Edict of Restitution do? reassert the Catholic safeguards of the Peace of Augsburg
Who is Gustavus Adolphus II? became the new leader of Protestant forces
Gustavus Adolphus II was controlled by these 2 bystanders. Cardinal Richelieu and the Dutch
Who won at Breitenfeld in 1630 that changed course of the war? Swedish king
Gustavus died at whose hands during the Battle of Lutzen? Wallenstein's forces
What did the PEace of Prague do in 1635? reached a compromise with Ferdinand
Who did France and the Netherlands continue to support? Sweden
How much of the population had he war killed by the tie peace talk began in Westphalia in 1644? about 1/3 of the German population
What was the war also called? Worst European catastrophe sinc the Black Death
What ended the hostility? The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648
Created by: Cianci