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Cianci-Fremont's Ecclesiastical breakdown

Innocent the 3rd plenitude of power= declared saints, no benefices, and central monarch, weakened spiritual part of church
Urban the 4th Own court names Rota Romana
What caused Political fragmentation? 1)internal issues 2)allies turned 3)Conclave= college needed to pick a new pope
Boniface the 8th and Philip the fair England and France were advancing, weakening the papal monarchy, making it less useful
The Royal Challenge to Papal authority England and France wanted to tax for crusades, boniface said NO. This lead to A)English retaliation, B)France got revenge, C)Italians harass Boniface, D)Philip Took over
Unam Sanctum(1302) A document issuing the separation of church and state, Boniface dies because of it
The Avignon Papacy(1309-1377) Church began to sell indulgences
John Wycliff -lollards(followers of his writings that helped England)
John Huss -Hussites -helped religious reform -lead Pro-wy at Prague U. -died July 6,1415 by the stake(Bohemia revolted)
The Great Schism two popes, Urban the 6th(Italy) and Clement the 7th(France. Both refused to step down.
Conciliar Theory only one pope, individual churches will have authority
Council of Pisa(1409-1410) council elects pope Alexander 5th, now there are 3 popes.
Council of Constance(1414-1417) Council elects Martin the 5th(everyone accepts), the churches decide to meet every few years
The council of Basel four articles of Prague(1432) 1)cup and bread 2)free preaching 3)exclusion of secular(accepted in 1433) 4)punishment of moral sins(accepted in 1433) -agreement was signed in 1439 -council collapsed in 1449
The consequences of these councils? 1)more responsibility 2)no authority=secular increase 3)state over church 4)reform of religious life
Created by: Cianci