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chapter 2,3

study cards

QuestionAnswer
abdomin/o lapar/o ceil/o abdomen
adip/o; lip/o fat;fatty
anter/o front
chondr/o cartilage
crani/o skull
cyt/o cell
dors/o back
gastr/o stomach
hist/o tissue
inguin/o groin
later/o side; away from midline
lumb/o lumbar back; lower back
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/i pelvis
poster/o back
proxim/o near
spin/o spine
thorac/o thorax/chest
umbilic/o naval
ventr/o front side
viscer/o internal organs
cardi/o heart
epi- on; upon; over
hypo- beneath; below
intra- within
para- around; beside
per- throgh
sub under; below
-ectomy excision; surgical removal
-ia; -iasis; -osis abnormal condition of inflamation
-itis inflamation
-malacia softening
-(o)logy study of
-(o)logist specialist in the study of
-oma tumor; swelling
-plasty surgical repair
-(r)hea flow; excessive discharge
-tome cutting instrument
jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin
Kaposi's sarcoma a cancerous growth that begins as soft, purple-brown papules on the feet and gradually spreads in the skin
sarc/o flesh
-oma tumor
keloid abnormally large, raised or thickened scar
laceration a cut
lesion any damage to tissue caused by trauma or disease
macule small, flat discoloration of skin less than 1 cm in diameter
malignant melanoma cancerous skin tumor originating form the melanocytes of a mole, freckles, or pigmented skin; skin cancer
melan/o black
-oma tumor
nevus (pl.nevi) pigmented area at birth; mole, birthmark
onychomalacia softening of the nails
onych/o nail
-malacia softening
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nails
onych/o nail
myc/o fungus
-osis condition
pachyderma thickening of the skin
pachy- thickening
derm/o skin
pallor paleness
papule small, solid, raised lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter; pimple
pediculosis lice infestation associated with skin and hair
petechia (pl. petechiae) pinpoint bleeding in the skin
pressure ulcer open lesion of the skin characterized by a breakdown of skin and underlying tissues as a result of constant pressure to bony prominences under the skin and an inadequate blood supply to teh area; also known as decubitus ulce.
psoriasis chronic skin condition characterized by dry, silvery scales covering red lesions
pruritus severe itching
purpura large bruises under the skin associated with hemorrhages into tissue
pustule circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus
bx; Bx biopsy
decub decubitus ulcer
subQ; SC subcutaneous
cut/o; cutane/o skin
derm/o; dermat/o skin
hidr/o sweat
kerat/o horny tissue; hard
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
onych/o; ungu/o nail
pachy/o thick
pil/o hair
rhytid/o wrinkles
seb/o sebum
squam/o scale
sud/o; sudor/o sweat
trich/o hair
xer/o dry
Created by: tinasolo