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HHS Integumentary Sy

Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms

abscess localized collection of pus at the site of an infection
acne Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin
Alopecia partial or complete loss of hair
cellulitis widespread, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue
Comedo Typical small skin lesion of acne vulgaris
Dermatomycosis Infection of the skin caused by fungi
ecchymmosis skin discoloration consisting of a large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic area (a bruise)
eczema Chronic skin inflammation characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, scabs, and possibly itching
erythema redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
eschar damaged tissue following a severe burn
impetigo Bacterial skin infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture
pallor unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin
Pediculosis Infestation with lice, transmitted by personal contact or common use of brushes, combs, or headgear
petechia Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin
pressure ulcer skin ulceration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in on position that prevents blood flow to the tissues
pruritus intense itching
tinea fungal skin infection whose name commonly indicates the body part affected
urticaria Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by the eruption of pale red, elevated patches called wheals or hives
vitiligo localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
skin test (ST) Any test in which a suspected allergen or sensitizer is applied to or injected into the skin to determine the patient's sensitivity to it
Intradermal skin test Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by subcutaneously injecting small amounts of extracts of the suspected allergens
Patch skin test Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by topical application of the substance to be tested
Scratch skin test Skin test that identifies suspected allergens by placing a small quantity of the suspected allergen on a lightly scratched area of the skin
Biopsy representative tissue sample removed from a body site for microscopic examination
Chemical Peel Chemical removal of the outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses
Debridement Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes, or chemical agents
Dermabrasion Rubbing (abrasion) using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away (abrade) the epidermis
cryosurgery use of subfreezing temperature to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue
Incision and Drainage (I&D) Process of cutting through a lesion such as an abscess and draining its contents
Skin graft Surgical procedure to transplant healthy tissue by applying it to an injured site
allograft Transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another person
Autograft Transplantation of healthy tissue from on site to another site in the same individual
Synthetic Transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers arranged in a lattice pattern
xenograft Transplantation from a foreign donor usually a pig and transferred to a human
Albino absence of pigment in the skin, eyes, and hair