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Lab Anatomy

ch 1-2 exam

QuestionAnswer
Define anatomy study of structure of the body
Define Physiology study of funcion of the body
Name the 9 levels of organization to form the human body. atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
List the 11 body systems. Inegumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
Name the function of integumentary system covers and protects the body
Name the function of skeletal and muscular systems provide support and movement
Name the function of nervous and endocrine systems provide communication, control, and integration
Name the function of cardiovascular and lymphatic systems provide transportation and defense
Name the function of respiratory, digestive, and urinary systems involved with processing, regulation, and maintenance
Name the function of male/female reproductive system involved with reproduction and development
Name the 3 major planes (cuts for study) sagital, coronal/frontal, transverse/horizontal
Superior toward the head
Inferior toward the feet
medial toward the midline of the body
lateral toward the side of the body
proximal toward the trunk of the body
distal away from the trunk of the body
superficial near the body surface
deep further away from the body surface
Anterior/Ventral front of body
Posterior/dorsal back of body
Cephalic head
frontal forehead
orbital eye
nasal nose
buccal cheek
oral mouth
mental chin
cervical neck
deltoid shoulder
pectoral chest
mammary breast
abdominal abdomen
femoral thigh
tarsal ankle
pes foot
cranial skull
otic ear
gluteal buttock
manus hand
calcaneal heel
Name the organ structures in the Cranial cavity brain
Name the organ structures in the vertebral cavity spinal cord
Name the organ structures in the Thoratic cavity heart and lungs
Name the organ structures in the mediastinum median compartment of the thoratic cavity
Name the organ structures in the pleural cavity fluid filled space around the lungs
Name the organ structures in the Pericardial cavity fluid filled space around the heart
Name the organ structures in the Abdominal cavity digestive organs, kidneys, ureters
Name the organ structures in the pelvic cavity urinary bladder, rectum, reproductive organs
Name the 4 abdominopelvic quardrants of the body Right Upper, Left Upper, Right Lower, Left Lower
Name the function of centrosome forms spores for the movement of chromosomes
Name the function of cilia membrane extensions with microtubes for movement
Name the function of microfilament connect cytoskeleton to cell membrane
Name the function of microtubules hollow tubes of protein
Name the function of microvilli plasma membrane extensions that assist in absorption of nutrients and other substances
Name the function of ribosomes funtions in protein synthesis
Name the function of endoplasmic reticulum smooth (lipid and carbohydrate synthesis) and rough (packaging of newly made proteins)
Name the function of golgi apparatus/body/complex finishes, stores, and distributes products of the cell (e.g. proteins)
Name the function of lysosome contain digestive enzymes to remove pathogens and broken organells
Name the function of mitochondrion powerhouse of a cell. Produces ATP for the cell for aerobic cellular respiration
Name the function of nucleus contains DNA, the genetic material for making proteins
Name the function of peroxisome contains enzymes to break down subsances and detoxifies toxic substances
Name the 4 major types of tissues epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Where is the following tissue located or found? Simple squamous lines the air sacs, blood vessels, andlymphatic vessels
Where is the following tissue located or found? Simple cuboidal epithelium lines the kidney tubules and ducts of some glands and covers ovaries
Where is the following tissue located or found? Simple columnar lines the uterus, stomach, and intestines
Where is the following tissue located or found? Pseudostratified columnar line the respiratory passageways
Where is the following tissue located or found? stratified squamous epithelium line oral cavity, throat, vagina, and anal cavity
Where is the following tissue located or found? starified transitional epithelium lines ureters, urinary bladder, and renal penis
Where is the following tissue located or found? Areolar connective tissue between skin and skeletal muscles; surrounding blood vessels; within skin; around organs; around joints
Where is the following tissue located or found? adipose connective tissue under all skin but especially in abdomen, buttocks, and breasts; around some organs such as eyeballs and kidneys
Where is the following tissue located or found? reticular connective tissue spleen, bone marrow, lymph nodes, liver, and kidney
Where is the following tissue located or found? Dense regular connective tissue tendons and ligaments
Where is the following tissue located or found? Dense irregular connective tissue dermis of the skin and around muscles
Where is the following tissue located or found? Hyaline cartilage covers the ends of long bones
Where is the following tissue located or found? elastic cartilage external ear
Where is the following tissue located or found? fibrocartilage discs in vertebrae
Name the 3 major muscle tissues skeletal muscle, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle
Where is the following muscle tissue located or found? skeletal muscle all major muscles of the body
Where is the following muscle tissue located or found? cardiac muscle only in the heart
Where is the following muscle tissue located or found? smooth muscle walls of hoolow organs
Where is the following tissue located or found? Nervous tissue brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves
Name 3 collagen disorders chondrodysplasia, dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa, hereditary osteoarthritis
What effects does chondrodysplasia cause in the body? stunted growth and deformed joints
What effects does dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa cause in the body? stretchy skin and lax joints
What effects does hereditary osteoarthritis cause in the body? painful joints
Created by: cherishedcheri