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Joints and Joint Ligaments + Integument

thickened, anterior portion of the joint capsule; stretches from the glenoid labrum (the cartilage end of the glenoid fossa) of the scapula to the humeral head glenohumeral ligament (shoulder joint ligament)
superiorly located; stretches from the coracoid process to the humeral head coracohumeral ligament (shoulder joint ligament)
stretches from the coracoid process to the clavicle; is divided into the conoid and trapezoid ligaments, medial and lateral portions respectively coracoclavicular ligament (shoulder girdle ligament)
flat, broad, superiorly located ligament that stretches from the acromion to the clavicle acromioclavicular ligament (shoulder girdle ligament)
stretches from the coracoid process to the acromion and forms a protective arch over the shoulder joint coracoacromial ligament (shoulder girdle ligament)
stretches across the bicipital (intertubercular) groove on the humerus; secures the tendon of the long head of the biceps brachii transverse humeral ligament
surrounds the radial head; anchored on both ends at the proximal ulna on either side of the radial notch annular ligament
on the ulnar side of the elbow; this ligament stretches from the medial epicondyle of the humerus to the ulna and is triangular in appearance ulnar collateral ligament
located on the radial side of the elbow; extends from the lateral epicondyle of the humerus to the radius radial collateral ligament
thin, connective tissue membrane that stretches between the radius and the ulna interosseous membrane
extends from the ulna to the triquetrum and pisiform bones ulnar carpal collateral ligament
extends from the radius to the scaphoid bone; a few fibers attach to the trapezium radial carpal collateral ligament
runs transversely to join the metacarpal heads on the anterior side and prevents them from spreading apart transverse metacarpal ligament
lies across the acetabular notch; completes the acetabular "cup" such that the femoral head can now sit fully encapsulated within the joint transverse acetabular ligament
stretches from the ilium to the femur; it is laterally located and represents a thickening of the joint capsule iliofemoral ligament
also a thickening of the hip joint capsule, this ligament stretches from the pubis to the femur; it is anteriorly located pubofemoral ligament
ligament stretches from the ischium to the femur; it is posteriorly located and also a thickening of the joint capsule ischiofemoral ligament
originates inside the acetabulum and attaches to the femoral head at the fovea capitis ligament of the head of the femur
superficially and anteriorly located; extends from the patella to its insertion at the tibial tuberosity patellar ligament
a flattened band that extends from the medial femoral epicondlye to the medial tibial condyle medial (tibial) collateral ligament
a cord-like structure that extends from the lateral femoral epicondyle to the fibular head lateral (fibular) collateral ligament
supercial, posterior ligament; a thickening of the joint capsule that extends from the semimembranosus muscle tendon to arch obliquely from medical inferior to lateral superior oblique popliteal ligament
deep ligament of the knee; extends from the anterior tibia to the posterior portion on the lateral condyle of the femur anterior cruciate ligament
deep ligament of the knee; extends from the posterior tibia to the anterior portion of the medial femoral condyle posterior cruciate ligament
deep and anteriorly located; stretches from lateral to medial meniscus transverse ligament of the knee
stretches from the posterior edge of the lateral meniscus to the medial femoral condyle; lies superficial to the posterior cruciate ligament posterior meniscofemoral/Wrisberg ligament
fibrocartilagenous rings located within the knee joint in the space between the femoral and tibial condyles medial and lateral menisci
stretches from the tibia to the fibula along the length of the leg; analogous to that in the upper extremity interosseous membrane
located anteriorly; stretches from the inferior tibia to the lateral malleolus of fibula anterior tibiofibular ligament
located posteriorly; stretches from the inferior tibia to the lateral malleolus of the fibula posterior tibiofibular ligament
a four-part ligament which stretches from the medial malleolus to fan out anteriorly, inferiorly, and posteriorly to attach to the navicular, calcaneus to the fibula; cordlike in structure calcaneofibular ligament
on plantar surface; extends from the calcaneus to metatarsals 2 3 4 and sometimes 5 long plantar ligament
fibers run obliquely from the calcaneous to the cuboid; lies deep and medial to the long plantar ligament short plantar ligament (plantar calcaneocuboid ligament)
extends from the calcaneous to the navicular bone; supports the head of the talus and the longitudinal arch of the foot spring ligament (plantar calcaneonavicular ligament)
extends the length of the vertebral column adherent to the anterior vertebral bodies anterior longitudinal ligament
extends the length of the vertebral column adherent to the posterior vertebral bodies (within the vertebral canal) posterior longitudinal ligament
connects the sacrum to the ischial tuberosity sacrotuberous ligament
connects the sacrum to the ischial spine; lies deep to the sacrotuberous ligament sacrospinous ligament
the outermost layer of the skin epidermis
a connective tissue layer under the epidermis, contains most of the hair follicles, glands, and sensory receptors dermis
a fatty layer just deep to the dermis, also called the superficial fascia or subcutaneous tissue hypodermis
a bulb-like structure, from which the hair grows, located within the dermis hair follicle
a bundle of smooth muscle attached to the hair follicle and projects up toward the epidermis; contraction of the muscle pulls the hair follicle upright and the skin surrounding the follicle to lift causing "goose bumps" arrector pili muscle
a large puffy gland connected to the upper part of the hair follicle, secretes an oily substance that coats the hair sebaceous gland
a thin-coiled gland located in the dermis, the duct of the gland extends to open onto the surface of the skin sweat gland
Created by: knewey44



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