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AP Euro Flash Cards

John Huss Bohemian religious reformer whose efforts to reform the church eventually fueled the protestant reformation
John Wycliffe Forerunner to the Reformation. Created English Lollardy. Attacked the corruption of the clergy, and questioned the power of the pope.
Martin Luther 95 Thesis, posted 1517, led to religious reform in Germany, denied papal power and absolutist rule. Claimed there were only 2 sacrament: baptism and communion
Simony the selling of church offices
Usury the practice of lending money for interest
Nepotism the practice of appointing family members to positions in favor. the practice was very common in the catholic church
Indulgences Selling of forgiveness by the catholic church. it was common practice when the church needed to raise money. the practice led to the reformation
Excommunication when a person is kicked out of the catholic church
Consubstantiation the bread and wine undergo spiritual change.
Johann Tetzel Hired by the archibishop Albert to sell indulgences. Infuriated Luther.
Diet of Worms Assembly of the estates of the empire, called by Holy Roman Empire Charles V in 1521. Luther was ordered to recant but refused. Charles V declared Luther an outlaw
John Calvin French humanist whose theological writings profoundly influenced religious thoughts of Europeans. Developed Calvinism at Geneva. Wrote Institutes of Christian Religion.
Predestination Calvin's religious theory that God has already planned out a person's life
The Institutes of Christian Religion Written by John Calvin
John Knox Dominated the movement for reform in Scotland. Had been taught in Geneva by Calvin
Theocracy A community in which the state is subordinate to the church
Ulrich Zwingli (1484-1531) Swiss reformer, influenced by Christian humanism. He looked to the state to supervise the church. Banned music and relics from services. Killed in a civil war
Created by: kizzly1k