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A&P Chapter 1 parts

vocab

QuestionAnswer
Superior Cranial; towards the head
Inferior caudal; away from the head, towards the feet
Ventral anterior; towards the front of the body
Dorsal posterior; towards the back of the body
Medial Toward/at the midline of the body
Lateral Away from the midline of the body
Intermediate Between medial and lateral
Proximal Closer to the origin (For limbs) point of attachment
Distal Farther from the origin
Superficial External; toward or at the body surface
Deep internal
Nasal nose
Oral mouth
Cervical neck
Acromial point of shoulder
Axillary Armpit
Abdominal Abdomen
Brachial Arm
Antecubital front of elbow
Antebrachial forearm
Pelvic Pelvis
Carpal wrist
Pollex thumb
Palmar palm
Digital fingers/toes
Pubic genital region
Patellar Anterior knee
Crural leg
Pedal foot
Tarsal ankle
Frontal forehead
Orbital eye
Buccal cheek
Mental chin
Sternal breastbone
Thoracic chest
Mammary breast
Umbilical navel
Coxal hip
Inguinal groin
Femoral thigh
Fibular peroneal; side of leg
Hallux big toe
Cephalic head
Manus hand
Otic ear
Occipital back of head or base of skull
Vertebral spinal column
Scapular shoulder blade
Dorsum dorsal; back
Olecranal back of elbow
Lumbar loin
Sacral between hips
Gluteal buttock
Perineal region between the anus and external genitalia
Popliteal back of knee
Sural calf
Calcaneal heel
Plantar sole
Sagittal Plane divides the body into left and right parts
Median Plane midsagittal plane divides the body in half down the midline
Parasagittal Plane all Sagittal planes except the median plane
Frontal Planes coronal plane; divide the body into anterior and posterior parts
Transverse Plane horizontal plane; divides the body into superior and inferior parts
Dorsal body cavity cranial cavity + vertebral cavity
Cranial cavity in the skull, encases the brain
Vertebral cavity spinal cavity, inside the bony vertebral column encloses the spinal cord
Ventral body cavity thoracic cavity + abdominopelvic
Viscera Visceral organs; internal organs housed by the ventral body cavity
Thoracic cavity surrounded by ribs and muscles; pleural cavities + mediastinum
Pleural cavities envelopes each lung
Mediastinum contains the pericardial cavity, surrounds esophagus, trachea and other thoracic organs
Pericardial cavity encloses the heart
Abdominopelvic cavity diaphragm separates it from the thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity + pelvic cavity
Abdominal cavity contains the stomach, intestines, spleen, liver, and other organs.
Pelvic cavity lies in the bony pelvis, holds the bladder, some reproductive organs, and the rectum
Serosa serous membrane; covers the walls of the central body cavity and the outer surface of the organs.
Parietal serosa part of the serous membrane that lines the cavity walls.
Visceral serosa the part of the serous membrane that folds on its self covering the organs.
Serous fluid secreted by the serous membranes, allows the organs to slide without friction across cavity walls.
Oral and digestive cavities the oral cavity, contains the teeth and tongue this is part of the digestive organs which opens to the exterior at the anus
Nasal cavity within and posterior to the nose. Part of respiratory system
Orbital cavities houses the eyes and presents them in an anterior position
Middle ear cavities the middle ear cavities carved into the skull lie just medial to the eardrums. These cavities contain tiny bones that transmit sound
Synovial cavities joint cavities, enclosed within fibrous capsules that surround freely moveable joints of the body.
Created by: MitsukiTenshi