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Integumentary Sys.4

Integuentary system disease & disorder terms

abrasion scraping away of the skin; a scrape
acne inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles
actinic keratosis precancerous skin condition related to excessive sunlight exposure
albinism condition characterized by a lack of skin pigmentation; white
alopecia loss of hair; baldness
basal cell carcinoma cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
carbuncle skin infection characterized by a cluster of boils
cicatrix a scar left by a healed wound
contusion an injury characterized by pain, swelling, and discolouration without a break in the skin; a bruise
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
diaphoresis excessive sweating
ecchymosis superficial discoloration caused by blood in the tissue; a bruise
eczema inflammatory skin disorder characterized by redness, itching, vesicles, weeping, oozing, and crusitng
edema abnormal swelling of tissue
erythema redness
excoriation a scratch
furuncle inflammed hair follicle; a boil
herpes simplex fever blister; cold sore
herpes varicella highly contagious disease usually seen in childhood, commonly called chickenpox
herpes zoster painful skin eruptions that follow a nerve path; shingles
impetigo highly contagious superficial skin infection characterized by pustules
jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin
Kaposi's sarcoma a cancerous growth that begins as soft, purple-brown papules on the feet and gradually spreads in the skin
keloid abnormally large, raised or thickened scar
laceration a cut
lesion any damage to tissue caused by trauma or disease
macule small, flat discoloration of skin less than 1 cm in diameter
malignant melanoma cancerous skin tumor origingation from the melanocytes of a mole, freckles, ot pigmented skin; skin cancer
nevus pigmented area at birth; mole, birthmark
onychomalacia softening of the nails
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nails
pachyderma thickening of the skin
pallor paleness
papule small, solid, raised lesion that is less than 0.5 cm in diameter; pimple
pediculosis lice infestation associated with skin and hair
petechia pinpoint bleeding in the skin
pressure ulcer open lesion of the skin characterized by a breakdown of skin and underlying tissues as a result of constant pressure to bony prominences under the skin and an inadequate blood supply to the area; also known as a decubitus ulcer
psoriasis chronic skin condition characterized by dry, silvery scales covering red lesions
pruritus sever itching
purpura large bruises under the skin associated with hemorrhages into tissue
pustule circumscribed elevation of the skin containing pus
scabies skin infection caused by infestation of the itch mite
scleroderma hardening of the skin
swborrhea excessive discharge of sebum
squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the sqamous or scale-like cells of the skin
tinea fungal infection of the skin; ringworm
tinea corporis fungal infection of the body
tinea cruris fungal infection of the groin; jock itch
tinea pedis fungal infection of the foot; athlete's foot
urticaria skin eruption of wheals; hives
verruca skin elevation caused by a virus; wart
vesicle small skin elevation filled with clear liquid; a blister
vitiligo condition characterized by irregular white patches of skin that are totally lacking in pigmentation due to the destruction of melanocytes
wheal transient, round, itchy elevation of the skin; one hive
xeroderma dry skin
Created by: Amaier