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Anatomy Test: Intro

Anatomy Test #1: Intro to Anatomy, Physiology, Body Cavities, Membranes, etc.

return fluid to the blood and defend body against infection lymphatic system
provide framework, used for protection and attachment for muscles skeletal system
allows for body movement, produce body heat and maintain posture muscular system
allows for exchange of gases between the air and blood respiratory system
receive and interpret sensory information and respond to that stimulation nervous system
remove wastes from blood and maintain water and electrolyte balance urinary system
protect underlying tissues and regulate body temperature integumentary system
move blood through the body and transport substances throughout the body cardiovascular system
produce and maintain egg and sperm cells reproductive system
control the metabolic activities in the body endocrine system
break down and absorb nutrients digestive system
skin, hair, nails integumentary system
seminal vesicles, uterus, ovaries reproductive system
muscles muscular system
mouth, teeth, stomach, liver digestive system
heart, arteries, veins cardiovascular system
bones, ligaments, cartilage skeletal system
kidneys, urinary bladder urinary system
trachea, lungs, pharynx respiratory system
brain, spinal cord, nerves nervous system
lymph nodes, thymus, spleen lymphatic system
glands that secrete hormones endocrine system
imaginary flat surfaces that pass through the human body planes
refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left sides sagittal
divides the body into equal parts midsagittal/median
divides the body into unequal parts parasagittal
refers to a cut that divides the body into upper and lower portions transverse/horizontal
refers to a section that divides the body into front and back parts coronal/frontal
the sum of all chemical reactions that occur in the body metabolism
the branch of science that studies the function of the body parts physiology
the branch of science that studies the structure and relationship among structures anatomy
the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite the every changing outside environment homeostasis
provide new cells for growth and repair reproduction
an increase in body size growth
the ability to detect and respond to changes responsiveness
the process of releasing energy from nutrients respiration
the ability to adjust your position movement
elimination of wastes excretion
the movement of substances throughout the body circulation
the changing of a substance into a different form assimilation
the passage of substances through membranes absorption
the breakdown of food into simpler substances digestion
includes carbohydrates, proteins, fats and minerals food
essential for normal operation of the respiratory system pressure
necessary for metabolism and transportation of nutrients water
required for the release of nutrients from muscles oxygen
when too high or too low, physiological activities cease primarily because molecules are destroyed or become nonfunctional heat
spinal cord vertebral cavity
heart thoracic cavity
stomach abdominal cavity
brain cranial cavity
thymus gland thoracic cavity
gall bladder abdominal cavity
terminal end of the large intestines pelvic cavity
intestines abdominal cavity
trachea thoracic cavity
urinary bladder pelvic cavity
Created by: lizzyliz714



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