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Glands and Hormones

Anatomy and P

FunctionGlandHormone
Stimulates milk secretion by mammory glands Anterior PRL-Prolactin
Growth and Hormone of ovarion follicles; growth of testes; development of sperm Anterior FSH-follicle
Causes Development of corpus luteum; stimulates testosterone secretion (ovulation in females) Anterior LH-luteninizing hormone
Causes contraction of uterine muscles ; causes milk ejection from mammory glands Posterior Pituitary oxytocin
Promotes reabsorption of water in kidneys Posterior ADH-antiduretic hormone
Increase Metabolic Rate thyroid t4-t3
Decreases calcium level in blood thyroid Calcitonin
regulates exchange of calcium b/w blood and bones parathyroid PTH-parathyroid hormone
Increase blood pressure and pulse rate adrenal medulla Epinephrine Norpinephrine
Aids in Metabolism adrenal cortex glucocorticoids
regulates electroylytes and water balance adrenal cortex Mineralocorticoids
Influences secondary sexual characteristics adrenal cortex Sex Hormones
Metabolism of glucose (lowers blood sugar) Pancreas Insulin
Stimulates liver to release glucose(increase blood sugar) Pancreas Glucagon
Stimulates growth and development of testes and penis; development of secondary sexual characteristics Testes testosterone
Growth of Sexual organs; development of secondary sexual characteristics Ovaries Estrogen
Development of secretory tissue of mammory glands; aids in maintaining pregnancy Ovaries Progesterone
growth of T-cells for immunity Thymus Thymosin
regulates mood, sexual development,and response to light in the environment Pineal Pineal
Promotes Growth of body tissues anterior GH-growth hormone
located behind the eyes, Infundibulum-stalk that connects the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus, master gland, controlled by hypothalamus, divided into two parts (anterior/posterior) Pituitary gland Master Gland
Largest Endocrine gland, Located in the neck, has two oval lobes on either side of larnyx, connected by a band called an isthimus Thyroid gland Isthimus/ Largest endocrine gland
tiny glands in the thyroids posterior capsule Parathyroid Tiny glands
located ontop of the kidneys Adrenal Glands Located ontop of kidneys
made up of a small group of cells pancreas islets/islets of langerhan Common condition is diabetes mellatus-when islets cells fail to produce enough insulin or the body cells do not respond to insulin
Female-ovaries Male-testes Sex Glands Male/Female
Found in upper part of the chest, superior to the heart Thymus upper part of chest
Located posterior to midbrain Pineal posterior to midbrain
Stimulates Thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones Anterior Pituitary TSH
Stimulates Adrenal Cortex to produce cortical hormones Anterior Pituitary ACTH
Created by: sjwatlington