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The urinary system 1

THE URINARY SYSTEM

QuestionAnswer
EXCRETION REMOVAL AND ELIMINATION OF METABOLIC WASTE
URINARY REMOVAL WAST FROM BLOOD
OTHER FUNCTIONS REGULATES BLOOD VOLUME,pH, AND ELECTROLYTES
DIGESTIVE SYSTEM ELIMINATES WATER,SALTS,BILE WITH DIGESTIVE RESIDUE
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ELIMINATES CARBON DIOXIDE, WATER
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM THE SKIN, EXCRETS WATER, SALTS, AND VERY SMALL QUATITIES OF NITROGENOUS WASTES
KIDNEYS A PAIR OF ORGANS EXTRACT WASTES FROM THE BLOOD, BALANCE BODY FLUIDS,AND FORM URINE.
URETERS A PAIR OF TUBES CONDUCT URINE FROM THE KIDNEYS TO THE URINARY BLADDER.
URINARY BLADDER A SINGLE, RSERVOIR RECEIVES AND STORES THE URINE BROUGHT TO IT BY THE TWO URETERS.
URETHRA A SINGLE, TUBE CONDUCT URINE FROM THE BLODDER TO THE OUTSIDE OF THE BODY FOR ELIMINATION
WHAT IS THE ACTIVITIES FOR THE KIDNEY? EXCRETION OF UNWANTED SUBSTANCES,SUCH AS CELLULAR METABOLIC WASTE, EXCESS SALTS, AND TOXINS. WATER BALANCE, ACID-BASE BALANCE OF BODY, BLOOD PRESSURE REGULATION, REGULATION OF RED BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION.
WHAT IS ERYTHROPOIETIN(EPO)? STIMULATES RED CELL PRODUCTION IN THE BONE MARROW
RENAL CAPSULE IT FIRMLY ENCLOSED IN A MEMBRANOUS, MADE OF FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE
ADIPOSE CAPSULE AROUND THE ORGAN, IT IS OUTERMOST LAYE OF FASCIA (CONNECTIVE TISSUE)ANCHORS THE KIDNEY TO THE PERITONEUM AND ABDOMINAL WALL.
RETOPERITONEAL SPACE POSTERIOR TO THE PERITONEUM
KIDNEY STRUCTURE IN UPPER ABDOMEN AGAINST THE BACK
WHAT SUPPLY THE BLOOD? RENAL ARTERY,RENAL VEIN,NEPHRONS
RENAL ARTERY CARRIES BLOOD TO KIDNEY FROM AORTA
RENAL VEIN CARRIES BLOOD FROM KIDNEY TO INFERIOR VENA CAVA
NEPHRONS FUNCTIONAL UNITS, THE BLOOD LEAVES THE KIDNEY BY VESSELS THAT FINALLY MERGE TO FORM THE REAL VEIN.IT IS THE BASIC UNIT WHICH ACTUALLY DOES THE KIDNEY'S WORK. IS THE TINY COILED TUBE WITH A BULB AT ONE END.
HILUM The area through which ducts, nerves, or blood vessels enter and leave a gland or organ.
RENAL CORTEX the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in the body
RENAL MEDULLA THE INNER PORTION, THE CONTAINS TUBES IN WHICH URINE IS FORMED AND COLLECTED
RENAL PYRAMIDS TUBES FORM A NUMBER OF CONE-SHAPED STRUCTURES
REAL PLVIS A FUNNEL-SHAPED BASIN THAT FORMS THE UPPER END OF THE URETER.
CALYCES CUPLIKE EXENSIONS THAT RECEIVE URINE
CALYX COLLECTS THE URINE IN THE PLVIS THE PASSES DOWN THE URETER TO THE BLOODER
GLOMERULAR CAPSULE SURROUNDS A CLUSTER OF CAPILLARIES CALLED THE GLOMERULUS.(BOWMAN)
DO EACH KIDNEY CONTAINS ABOUT 1 MILLION NWPHEONA? TURE, IF ALL THESE COILED TUBES WERE SEPARATED STRAIGHTENED OUT, AND LAID END TO END THEY WOULD SPAN SOME 120 KILOMATER (75 MILES)
AFFERENT ARTERIOLE SUPPLIES THE GLOMERULUS WITH BLOOD IT IS A SMALL BLOOD VESSEL
EFFERENT ARTERIOLE IT IS ANOTHER SMALL VESSEL. CARRIES BLOOD FROM THE GLOMERULUS
PERITUBULAS CAPILLARIES IT FLOWS INTO A CAPILLARY NETWORK THAT SURROUNDS THE NEPHRON'S TUBULAR PORTION.
PROXIMAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE (PCT) THESE ARE COILED PART LEADING FROM THE GLOMERULAR CAPSULE
NEPHRON LOOP THESE TUBULE THEN UNCOILS TO FORM A HEAIRPIN-SHAPED SAGMENT. THESE LOOP OF HENLE
DESCENDING LIMB THE FIRST PART OF THE LOOP WHICH CARRIES FLUID TOWARD THE MEDULLA
ASCENDING LIMB THESE ARE PART THAT CONTINUES FROM THE LOOP'S TURN AND CARRIES FLUID AWAY FROM THE MEDULLA
DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE (DCT) is a portion of kidney nephron between the loop of Henle and the collecting duct system
WHAT IS THE FROMATION OF URINE ? GLOMERULAR FILTRATION, TUBULAR REABSORPTION, TUBULAR SECRETION,CONCETRATION OF THE URINE,REGULATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE.
GLOMERULAR FILTATION DRIVEN BY BLOOD PRESSURE IN GLOMERULUS IT IS THE WATER AND SOLUBLE SUBSTANCES FORCED OUT OF BLOOD AND INTO GLOMERULAR CAPSULE, IT IS THE BLOOD CELLS AND PROTEDINS REMAIN IN BLOOD.
GLOMERULAR FITRATE MATERIAL THE LEAVES BLOOD AND ENTERS THE NEPHRON
TUBULAR REABSORPTION MOST OF FILTRATE LEAVES NEPHRON BY DIFFUSION,OSMOSIS, AND AVTIVE TRANSPORT,INGLURNVRF BY HORMONES (ALDOSTERONE,ANP), RETURNS TO BLOOF THROUH PERITUBULAR CAPILLARIES
TUBULAR SECRTION MATERIAL MOVED FROM BLOOD INTO THE NEPHRON FOR EXCRTION.
CONCENTRATION OF URINE COUNTERCURRENT MECHANISM METHOD FROM CONCENTRATION URINE BASED ON MOVEMENT OF IONS AND PERMEABILTIY OF TUBULE, ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE (ADH) IT RELEASED HORMONE FROM THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND,IT REABSORPTION OF WATER
REGULATION OF BLOOD PRESSURE KIDNEYS NEED ADEQUATE BLOOD PRESSURE TO FILTER BLOOD
JUXTAGLOMERULAR APPARATUS
Created by: sweetlady